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Table 1 Distribution of the native-born and immigrant population by different categories of the variables of analysis. Spain, 2009 and 2014

From: Erosion of universal health coverage and trend in the frequency of physician consultations in Spain

Variables 2009 2014
  Natives Immigrants p value* Natives Immigrants p value*
Number of subjects 16,913 3104   17,610 2907  
Age (years)    < 0.001    < 0.001
 16–24 12.2 16.4   12.3 15.4  
 25–34 19.1 34.4   15.8 25.3  
 35–44 21.1 26.6   21.3 28.5  
 45–54 19.5 12.9   20.4 18.3  
 55–64 15.8 6.1   16.7 8.3  
 65–74 12.3 3.6   13.5 4.2  
Sex    0.0198    < 0.001
 Women 50.4 48.1   50.5 45.6  
 Men 49.6 51.9   49.5 54.4  
Income    < 0.001    < 0.001
 High 22.3 13.6   23.5 9.9  
 Medium-high 19.1 18.3   22.1 18.4  
 Medium-low 19.4 20.2   17.8 20.7  
 Low 20.6 30.4   16.3 29.5  
Missing 18.6 17.5   20.3 21.5  
Educational level    < 0.001    < 0.001
 Tertiary 25.0 23.3   20.7 16.7  
 Upper secondary 22.2 33.9   29.4 36.0  
 Lower secondary 19.4 21.1   25.4 23.9  
 Elementary 33.4 21.7   24.5 23.4  
Self-reported health    < 0.001    0.1554
 Fair/poor/very poor 22.6 16.7   25.1 23.9  
 Very good/good 77.4 83.3   74.9 76.1  
Any long-term health problem    < 0.001    < 0.001
 Yes 50.2 32.2   57.6 47.4  
 No 49.8 67.8   42.4 52.6  
  1. *p value of the chi square of heterogeneity