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Table 1 Key country and CCT program characteristics for Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru

From: Geographic Targeting and Normative Frames: Revisiting the Equity of Conditional Cash Transfer Program Distribution in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru

Country GDP per capita, PPP [33] Infant Mortality Rate [33] CCT Program (year launched)a CCT Focus Targeting mechanism Target population Program enrollment (budget in $US)
Bolivia $7081 29.2 Bono Juana Azurduy (2009) Health Universal, weak means-testing All pregnant women who report not having social protection coverage [37] 127 thousand beneficiaries ($33 million)b [12]
Colombia $12,982 14.9 Más Familias en Acción (2006) Health and education Geographic, weak means-testing SISBEN household vulnerability index based on health, education, household, and vulnerability indicators and residence in specified municipal groups [18, 38, 39] 2.7 million families ($1149 million)c [38]
Ecuador $11,431 14.4 Bono de Desarrollo Humano (2003) Health and education Universal, strong means-testing Selben index based on infrastructure, demographics, education, and household assets [13] 1.2 million beneficiaries ($481 million)d [40]
Peru $11,176 14.3 Juntos (2005) Health and education Geographic, strong means-testing Several iterations of district and household level indices based on health, education, demographic, and wealth indicators [17, 41] 650 thousand households ($324 million)e [17, 41]
  1. a Although Colombia’s MFA was originally created in 2000, it was massively expanded and revamped in 2006. Ecuador’s BDH represents a significant expansion in budget and scope of the Bono Solidario, originally created in 1998.
  2. b Bolivia data are for 2013
  3. c Colombia data are for 2014
  4. d Ecuador data are for 2012
  5. e Peru data are for 2012