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Table 2 Breastfeeding and complementary feeding among children aged 6–23 months among indigenous and reference group

From: Ethnic inequalities in child stunting and feeding practices: results from surveys in thirteen countries from Latin America

Country/year Ethnic group N Breastfeeding Minimum dietary diversity Minimum meal frequency Minimum acceptable diet
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Belize 2015 Indigenous 114 80.6 (72.0; 87.0) 56.5 (45.2; 67.1) 14.7 (9.1; 23.0) 1.6 (0.4; 6.8)
Reference 348 58.0 (51.4; 64.4) 66.1 (59.8; 71.9) 28.2 (23.0; 34.1) 3.7 (1.9; 6.9)
Bolivia 2018 Indigenous 1428 78.0 (75.3; 80.5) 66.7 (63.3; 69.9)
Reference 1030 65.9 (62.1; 69.4) 77.8 (74.3; 81.0)
Brazil 2006 Indigenous 31 70.6 (26.7; 94.1)
Reference 444 40.6 (33.2; 48.4)
Colombia 2010 Indigenous 784 71.5 (65.3; 76.9) 59.4 (52.8; 65.7)
Reference 3616 54.9 (52.8; 56.8) 74.5 (72.8; 76.2)
Ecuador 2012 Indigenous 494 80.2 (74.5; 84.9) 52.7 (45.7; 59.5) 8.5 (5.3; 13.6) 1.7 (0.9; 3.4)
Reference 2491 58.7 (55.9; 61.6) 70.4 (67.0; 73.7) 28.9 (26.1; 31.8) 16.5 (13.9; 19.4)
Guatemala 2014 Indigenous 1524 88.1 (86.1; 89.9) 59.0 (55.8; 62.1) 82.1 (79.6; 84.3) 51.0 (47.8; 54.2)
Reference 1975 70.5 (67.9; 73.0) 65.7 (62.9; 68.3) 82.8 (80.7; 84.7) 53.0 (50.3; 55.7)
Guyana 2014 Indigenous 225 78.7 (71.5; 84.4) 46.3 (38.6; 54.3)
Reference 542 43.6 (37.6; 49.7) 55.9 (50.1; 61.6)
Honduras 2011 Indigenous 542 76.3 (71.7; 80.4) 67.4 (62.2; 72.1) 88.5 (85.1; 91.2) 56.8 (51.5; 61.8)
Reference 2518 65.3 (63.1; 67.5) 67.6 (65.4; 69.8) 85.6 (83.8; 87.3) 54.2 (51.6; 56.8)
Mexico 2015 Indigenous 227 63.2 (47.2; 76.8) 55.6 (41.7; 68.6) 63.7 (51.2; 74.6) 21.3 (13.7; 31.7)
Reference 2084 41.3 (37.2; 45.5) 73.7 (69.5; 77.5) 76.7 (73.3; 79.8) 18.8 (16.0; 22.0)
Nicaragua 2006 Indigenous 106 73.3 (59.7; 80.6)
Reference 1730 62.2 (59.1; 65.2)
Paraguay 2016 Indigenous 102 84.2 (71.3; 92.0) 25.7 (17.7; 35.8) 31.6 (20.9; 44.8) 10.6 (5.2; 20.5)
Reference 1341 45.2 (41.5; 49.0) 71.9 (68.5; 75.1) 71.8 (68.4; 74.9) 16.6 (14.1; 19.4)
Peru 2016 Indigenous 561 89.1 (85.7; 91.7) 69.9 (65.0; 74.5)
Reference 5634 74.3 (72.8; 75.8) 83.7 (82.3; 84.9)
Suriname 2010 Indigenous 63 53.7 (37.6; 69.0) 25.7 (15.0; 40.3)
Reference 335 23.8 (19.3; 28.9) 63.3 (57.3; 69.0)