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Table 4 Contribution to inequalities of frequency of inpatient visits, China, 2011–2015

From: Inequity in inpatient services utilization: a longitudinal comparative analysis of middle-aged and elderly patients with the chronic non-communicable diseases in China

Variable201120132015
ME2Cont3ME2Cont3ME2Cont3
Predisposing variables −0.0090 − 0.0148 − 0.0081
Gender
 Female1
 Male0.0428**0.00150.0581**0.00170.00580.0002
Age
 45~591
 60~740.0492**−0.00420.0536**−0.00470.0643**−0.0053
 75+0.0916**−0.00430.1075**−0.00340.1316**−0.0056
Education level
 Illiterate1
 Primary school−0.02290.0005− 0.00160.00000.0039−0.0001
 Middle school−0.0142− 0.0020− 0.0470− 0.00380.02800.0015
 High school and above−0.0290− 0.0065− 0.0914**− 0.0121− 0.0172−0.0024
Marital status
 Unmarried1
 Married0.0338*0.00190.00470.00020.01810.0004
Employment status
 Unemployed1
 Agricultural work−0.0630**0.0216− 0.0980**0.0150− 0.1035**0.0146
 Working in units−0.1070**− 0.0114− 0.1191**− 0.0044− 0.1717**−0.0078
 Other working−0.0999**−0.0061− 0.0849**− 0.0033− 0.1189**− 0.0036
Enabling variables 0.1954 0.1775 0.1379
Health insurance schemes
 No health insurance1
 UEBMI0.1202**0.03300.1721**0.02560.1115**0.0141
 URBMI0.0902*0.00500.06930.00160.07650.0009
 NRCMS0.0875*−0.03620.1433**−0.03160.0475−0.0093
 Other health insurance0.1204**0.01260.1625**0.00900.1076**0.0077
Geographic location
 East1
 Central0.0465**−0.00320.0974**− 0.00280.0322−0.0007
 West0.0899**−0.00620.1370**0.00060.0917**0.0006
Residency location
 Rural1
 Urban0.00640.00310.02990.00630.00130.0002
 PCE0.0647**0.18730.0816**0.16880.0605**0.1244
Need variables −0.0275 −0.0206 − 0.0227
Self-assessed health status
 Unhealthy1
 Healthy−0.1537**−0.0169− 0.2319**− 0.0150− 0.2533**−0.0118
Disability
 No1
 Yes−0.00820.00110.0309−0.00210.0253−0.0026
PADL
 No1
 Yes0.0375**−0.00420.0339−0.00190.0933**−0.0054
IADL
 No1
 Yes0.0534**−0.00750.0276−0.00160.0499**−0.0029
Residual variables 0.0106 −0.0030 0.0113
  1. Note: * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; 1 Reference group; 2Marginal effect; 3Contribution; PCE logarithm value of the per capita household expenditure; PADL Physical Activity of Daily Living; IADL Instrumental Activity of Daily Living; UEBMI Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance; NRCMS New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme; URBMI Urban Residents Basic Medical Insurance