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Table 1 Social demographic characteristics, China, 2011–2015

From: Inequity in inpatient services utilization: a longitudinal comparative analysis of middle-aged and elderly patients with the chronic non-communicable diseases in China

VariablesDescription2011 (All = 10,724)2013 (All = 8005)2015 (All = 10,651)
Dependent variablesProbability of inpatient service utilization (Percentage)12.0216.3117.28
Frequency of inpatient services utilization (Means)0.170.250.26
Predisposing variables
 GenderFemale1, n(%)5603(52.25)4279 (53.45)5653 (53.07)
Male, n(%)5121 (47.75)3726 (46.55)4998 (46.93)
 Age45~591, n(%)5551 (51.76)3685 (46.03)4542 (42.64)
60~74, n(%)4188 (39.05)3614 (45.15)5108 (47.96)
75+, n(%)985 (9.19)706 (8.82)1001 (9.40)
 Education levelIlliterate1, n(%)5030 (46.90)3703 (46.26)4767 (44.76)
Primary school, n(%)2332 (21.75)1748 (21.84)2392 (22.46)
Middle school, n(%)2107 (19.65)1624 (20.29)2184 (20.51)
High school and above, n(%)1255 (11.70)930 (11.62)1308 (12.28)
 Marital statusMarried, n(%)9322 (86.93)7024 (87.75)9254 (86.88)
Unmarried1, n(%)1402 (13.07)981 (12.25)1397 (13.12)
 Employment statusUnemployed1, n(%)4397 (41.00)3027 (37.81)4142 (38.89)
Agricultural work, n(%)4027 (37.55)3397 (42.44)3921 (36.81)
Working in units, n(%)1429 (13.33)908 (11.34)958 (8.99)
Other working, n(%)871 (8.12)673 (8.41)1630 (15.30)
Enabling variables
 Health insurance schemesNo health insurance1, n(%)651 (6.07)216 (2.70)729 (6.84)
UEBMI, n(%)1091 (10.17)918 (11.47)1064 (9.99)
URBMI, n(%)482 (4.49)396 (4.95)438 (4.11)
NRCMS, n(%)7732 (72.10)5902 (73.73)7000 (65.72)
Other health insurance, n(%)768 (7.16)573 (7.16)1420 (13.33)
 Geographic locationEast1, n(%)3276 (30.55)2452 (30.63)3394 (31.87)
Central, n(%)3704 (34.54)2634 (32.90)3533 (33.17)
West, n(%)3744 (34.91)2919 (36.46)3724 (34.96)
 Residency locationUrban, n(%)4201 (39.17)3055 (38.16)4165 (39.10)
Rural1, n(%)6523 (60.83)4950 (61.84)6486 (60.90)
 PCEMean (RMB)8368.7112,116.8316,063.40
Need variables
 Self-assessed health statusHealthy, n(%)6632 (61.84)5281 (65.97)7086 (66.53)
Unhealthy1, n(%)4092 (38.16)2724 (34.03)3565 (33.47)
 DisabilityYes, n(%)2223 (20.73)2338 (29.21)3911 (36.72)
No1, n(%)8501 (79.27)5667 (70.79)6740 (63.28)
 PADLYes, n(%)2290 (21.35)1669 (20.85)2582 (24.24)
No1, n(%)8434 (78.65)6336 (79.15)8069 (75.76)
 IADLYes, n(%)2798 (26.09)1857 (23.20)2735 (25.68)
No1, n(%)7926 (73.91)6148 (76.80)7916 (74.32)
  1. Note: 1Reference group; PCE per capita household consumption expenditure; PADL Physical Activity of Daily Living; IADL Instrumental Activity of Daily Living; UEBMI Urban Employee Basic Medical Insurance; NRCMS New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme; URBMI Urban Residents Basic Medical Insurance