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Table 2 Actor and partner effects of socioeconomic position on subjective and objective caregiver burden: Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) from logistic regressions

From: Social inequalities in the burden of care: a dyadic analysis in the caregiving partners of persons with a physical disability

  High subjective caregiver burden
(ZBI-s ≥ 12)
High objective caregiver burden
(≥3 h of daily caregiving)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Actor effects
 Net-equivalent household income
  Per CHF 1000 0.93 (0.69–1.26) 0.94 (0.66–1.34) 0.96 (0.71–1.29) 0.88 (0.61–1.28)
 Years of formal education
  Per year 0.89 (0.74–0.98)* 0.94 (0.79–1.12) 0.84 (0.71–0.99)* 0.88 (0.73–1.00)*
 Subjective social position  
  0–10 0.71 (0.52–0.96)* 0.66 (0.48–0.92)* 0.92 (0.70–1.20) 0.90 (0.67–1.22)
 Financial strain
  No Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Yes 2.08 (0.81–5.31) 2.34 (0.86–6.39) 2.20 (1.01–4.80)* 2.51 (1.05–6.02)*
 Home ownership
  No Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Yes 0.26 (0.10–0.67)** 0.17 (0.05–0.53)** 1.11 (0.43–2.85) 0.87 (0.29–2.62)
Partner effects
 Net-equivalent household income
  Per CHF 1000 0.84 (0.61–1.15) 0.87 (0.59–1.27) 0.99 (0.76–1.30) 1.15 (0.82–1.62)
 Years of formal education
  Per year 0.92 (0.79–1.07) 0.96 (0.81–1.14) 0.82 (0.71–0.94)** 0.84 (0.72–0.97)*
 Subjective social position
  0–10 0.87 (0.67–1.12) 1.00 (0.73–1.38) 0.89 (0.72–1.10) 1.20 (0.90–1.59)
 Financial strain
  No Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Yes 1.23 (0.46–3.23) 0.82 (0.28–2.42) 1.84 (0.84–4.04) 0.99 (0.40–2.49)
 Home ownership
  No Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Yes 0.26 (0.10–0.67)** 0.19 (0.06–0.58)** 0.98 (0.44–2.17) 0.91 (0.34–2.47)
  1. Model 1: Unadjusted; Model 2: Adjusted for age, sex, employment status and lesion characteristics of partner with SCI.
  2. Abbreviations: CHF Swiss Francs, ZBI-s Zarit Burden Interview-short form
  3. *p<0.05; **p<0.01