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Table 2 Actor and partner effects of socioeconomic position on subjective and objective caregiver burden: Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) from logistic regressions

From: Social inequalities in the burden of care: a dyadic analysis in the caregiving partners of persons with a physical disability

 High subjective caregiver burden
(ZBI-s ≥ 12)
High objective caregiver burden
(≥3 h of daily caregiving)
Model 1Model 2Model 1Model 2
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Actor effects
 Net-equivalent household income
  Per CHF 10000.93 (0.69–1.26)0.94 (0.66–1.34)0.96 (0.71–1.29)0.88 (0.61–1.28)
 Years of formal education
  Per year0.89 (0.74–0.98)*0.94 (0.79–1.12)0.84 (0.71–0.99)*0.88 (0.73–1.00)*
 Subjective social position 
  0–100.71 (0.52–0.96)*0.66 (0.48–0.92)*0.92 (0.70–1.20)0.90 (0.67–1.22)
 Financial strain
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes2.08 (0.81–5.31)2.34 (0.86–6.39)2.20 (1.01–4.80)*2.51 (1.05–6.02)*
 Home ownership
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.26 (0.10–0.67)**0.17 (0.05–0.53)**1.11 (0.43–2.85)0.87 (0.29–2.62)
Partner effects
 Net-equivalent household income
  Per CHF 10000.84 (0.61–1.15)0.87 (0.59–1.27)0.99 (0.76–1.30)1.15 (0.82–1.62)
 Years of formal education
  Per year0.92 (0.79–1.07)0.96 (0.81–1.14)0.82 (0.71–0.94)**0.84 (0.72–0.97)*
 Subjective social position
  0–100.87 (0.67–1.12)1.00 (0.73–1.38)0.89 (0.72–1.10)1.20 (0.90–1.59)
 Financial strain
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes1.23 (0.46–3.23)0.82 (0.28–2.42)1.84 (0.84–4.04)0.99 (0.40–2.49)
 Home ownership
  NoReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
  Yes0.26 (0.10–0.67)**0.19 (0.06–0.58)**0.98 (0.44–2.17)0.91 (0.34–2.47)
  1. Model 1: Unadjusted; Model 2: Adjusted for age, sex, employment status and lesion characteristics of partner with SCI.
  2. Abbreviations: CHF Swiss Francs, ZBI-s Zarit Burden Interview-short form
  3. *p<0.05; **p<0.01