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Table 3 Change in inequality of child mortality between countries by income

From: Have inequalities in all-cause and cause-specific child mortality between countries declined across the world?

model: dependent: child mortality (log); independent: gdp per capitalog-linear regression (by year)generalized linear mixed effect (multilevel longitudinal model; cluster: year)
20002015likelihood test of random slope
coefficient95% CIp-valueadjusted R squarecoefficient95% CIp-valueadjusted R squarechi(2)p-value
under-5 child−28.2(−31.6, − 24.8)< 0.0010.60− 17.2(− 19.4, − 15.0)< 0.0010.5830.21< 0.001
neonatal (< 1)−7.8(−8.5, −7.0)< 0.0010.69−6.3(−7.1, −5.6)< 0.0010.6327.52< 0.001
pneumonia (< 1)−0.6(− 0.7, − 0.5)< 0.0010.69− 0.5(− 0.5, − 0.4)< 0.0010.6030.33< 0.001
preterm (< 1)− 2.4(− 2.6, − 2.1)< 0.0010.67− 1.9(− 2.1, − 1.6)< 0.0010.5758.87< 0.001
intrapartum (< 1)−2.4(− 2.6, − 2.1)< 0.0010.64−1.9(− 2.1, − 1.6)< 0.0010.5812.29< 0.001
sepsis (< 1)− 1.3(− 1.5, − 1.2)< 0.0010.61− 1.2(− 1.4, − 1.1)< 0.0010.619.970.002
tetanus (< 1)− 0.3(− 0.4, − 0.2)< 0.0010.28−0.1(− 0.2, − 0.1)< 0.0010.1812.11< 0.001
others (< 1)− 0.4(− 0.5, − 0.3)< 0.0010.56− 0.3(− 0.4, − 0.2)< 0.0010.4826.52< 0.001
congenital (< 1)− 0.3(− 0.3, − 0.2)< 0.0010.28− 0.4(− 0.5, − 0.3)< 0.0010.4316.53< 0.001
diarrhea (< 1)− 0.1(− 0.1,− 0.1)< 0.0010.44-0.1(− 0.1, − 0.1)< 0.0010.3511.10< 0.001
post-neonatal (1–59)− 20.4(− 23.3, − 17.6)< 0.0010.53−10.8(− 12.4, − 9.25)< 0.0010.5024.85< 0.001
pneumonia (1–59)− 4.4(− 5.0, − 3.9)< 0.0010.61− 2.6(− 3.0,-2.2)< 0.0010.4924.13< 0.001
preterm (1–59)− 0.3(− 0.4, − 0.3)< 0.0010.44− 0.3(− 0.3, − 0.2)< 0.0010.450.470.49
intrapartum (1–59)− 0.2(− 0.2, − 0.1)< 0.0010.48− 0.2(− 0.2, − 0.1)< 0.0010.500.570.45
meningitis (1–59)− 1.0(1.1, − 0.9)< 0.0010.47− 0.4(− 0.5, − 0.4)< 0.0010.3922.41< 0.001
others (1–59)− 2.2(− 2.5, − 2.0)< 0.0010.59−2.1(− 2.4, − 1.8)< 0.0010.504.670.03
congenital (1–59)− 0.3(− 0.4, − 0.2)< 0.0010.31− 0.4(− 0.4, − 0.3)< 0.0010.317.150.01
diarrhea (1–59)− 4.0(− 4.5, − 3.4)< 0.0010.52−1.7(−2.0, − 1.5)< 0.0010.4431.59< 0.001
measles (1–59)−1.8(−2.3, − 1.3)< 0.0010.06− 0.2(− 0.3, − 0.1)< 0.0010.2212.66< 0.001
pertussis (1–59)− 0.2(− 0.23, − 0.1)< 0.0010.48− 0.2(− 0.2, − 0.1)< 0.0010.533.100.08