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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for selected characteristics of participants of the Health on Equal Term survey according to sex: 2006, 2010 and 2014. Mean (standard deviation) for age and income, and N (proportions, %) for the remaining variables

From: Widespread and widely widening? Examining absolute socioeconomic health inequalities in northern Sweden across twelve health indicators

MeasuresEstimate
2006 (n = 23,448)2010 (n = 33,327)2014 (n = 22,637)
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
Control variables
 Age54.81 (16.05)54.59 (16.41)57.42 (15.72)56.12 (16.20)57.68 (15.62)56.24 (16.13)
 Sex10,983 (46.84)12,465 (53.16)15,442 (46.33)17,885 (53.67)10,568 (46.68)12,069 (53.32)
Socioeconomic variables
 Income174,956 (79,704)144,334 (207,002)218,792 (167,395)178,795 (420,767)241,612 (152,955)191,920 (96,466)
Education
 Compulsory education2265 (23.37)1959 (17.94)3525 (22.91)3220 (18.06)2194 (20.96)1805 (15.04)
 2 years secondary education5159 (53.23)5567 (50.97)7696 (50.02)8230 (46.15)5545 (52.98)5903 (49.17)
 3 years secondary education555 (5.73)399 (3.65)823 (5.35)616 (3.45)591 (5.65)431 (3.59)
 Post-secondary education < 3 years1650 (17.0)2964 (27.14)3132 (20.35)5647 (31.67)2063 (19.71)3816 (31.79)
 Post-secondary education > 3 years62 (0.64)33 (0.30)211 (1.37)120 (0.67)73 (0.70)50 (0.42)
Health indicators
 General health
  Poor self-rated health4038 (37.32)5254 (34.96)3575 (34.25)4897 (40.01)6258 (36.27)4193 (35.31)
  Poor self-rated dental health3583 (33.17)4492 (29.42)3061 (29.88)3263 (26.63)4060 (23.02)2571 (22.11)
  Overweight6862 (63.39)9910 (65.16)6783 (65.89)6004 (49.64)9027 (52.08)6087 (52.41)
 Physical health
  Hypertension2751 (26.24)4713 (32.57)3547 (34.6)3175 (26.58)5208 (30.8)3670 (31.33)
  Diabetes860 (8.49)1432 (10.56)1064 (10.41)705 (6.15)1131 (7.15)754 (6.48)
  Long-term illness4882 (45.2)6650 (43.72)4617 (44.28)5522 (45.36)7589 (43.32)5079 (42.84)
 Mental health
  Stress4561 (41.73)5734 (37.6)3723 (36.12)6226 (50.19)8033 (45.46)5290 (45.24)
  Depression4528 (41.56)6230 (40.88)4157 (40.69)5933 (47.96)8077 (45.76)5349 (46.13)
  Psychological distress1250 (11.38)1956 (12.78)1145 (10.83)1968 (15.79)3069 (17.35)1796 (14.66)
 Lifestyle habits
  Smoking1215 (11.17)1466 (9.73)904 (8.64)1799 (14.61)1962 (11.23)1146 (9.6)
  Risky alcohol consumption1091 (11.36)1444 (10.96)938 (10.28)287 (2.92)439 (3.19)236 (2.47)
  Physical inactivity1533 (14.19)2078 (13.7)1401 (13.73)1684 (13.8)2460 (14.04)1591 (13.71)