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Table 3 Decomposition of concentration Index for stunting and underweight among children below age 5 years in India,2015–16

From: Socio-economic inequality in malnutrition among children in India: an analysis of 640 districts from National Family Health Survey (2015–16)

VariablesStuntingUnderweight
CoefficientElasticityC.I% ContributionCoefficientElasticityC.I% Contribution
Female child−0.033−0.042−0.005−0.190−0.057−10.493−0.451−0.481
Birth size (> = normal)0.0220.0500.008−0.4040.094*28.8060.803−2.348
Birth order6.998*0.391−0.07428.785−2.731*−12.044−7.356−8.997
Female literacy−0.123*−0.2180.13930.283−0.215*−0.4330.13961.170
Height of mother−1.854*−7.3480.00535.322−1.680*−5.7730.48128.182
Safe drinking facility−0.007−0.0070.3542.613−0.041*−0.9820.3533.530
Open defecation0.093*0.094−0.25924.2750.141*14.867−0.25939.178
Rural Population−0.008−0.015− 0.132−1.994−0.033*−5.971− 0.132−8.006
Muslim−0.0010.000−0.120− 0.046−0.034*0.074−0.2590.019
Scheduled caste and tribes−0.036*−0.036− 0.468−16.8850.0044.418−0.5992.690
Central−0.886−0.007− 0.175−1.1870.7711.038−0.1751.850
East−4.833*−0.027−0.547−14.509−3.283*−1.546− 0.546−8.587
Northeast−4.660*−0.017− 0.286−4.952−9.274*−0.479− 0.285−1.392
West2.079*0.0040.413−1.5306.418*2.3300.413−9.773
South−1.904*−0.0050.5002.405−1.461−0.4930.4992.503
Residual   18.020   0.460
Total  −0.101100  −0.098100
Adjusted R20.740   0.691   
  1. *Significance at 5%