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Table 4 Hierarchical logistic regressions estimates (natives groups vs economic immigrant group)

From: Trends in horizontal inequity in access to public health care services by immigrant condition in Spain (2006–2017)

VariablePrimary_care
Mean (SE)
Specialist_care
Mean (SE)
Emergencies
Mean (SE)
Hospitalisation
Mean (SE)
Female0.1651a (0.0201)0.1504a (0.0273)0.1084a (0.0204)−0.2679a (0.0339)
Age 16–25Ref.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Age 26–350.0846c (0.0475)0.2684a (0.0687)− 0.2292a (0.0415)0.1529 (0.0951)
Age 36–450.019 (0.0459)0.2203b (0.0662)−0.7295a (0.0413)0.0883 (0.0908)
Age 46–550.0515 (0.0463)0.2077b (0.0665)−1.0017a (0.0429)0.143 (0.09)
Age 56–650.2181a (0.0477)0.107 (0.0689)−1.2301a (0.0463)0.1095 (0.0921)
Age 66–750.2891a (0.0546)−0.0319 (0.0772)−1.2719a (0.0554)0.2837b (0.1)
Age76–850.318a (0.0581)−0.2887a (0.082)−1.1518a (0.0589)0.3508b (0.1031)
Age more than 850.0714 (0.0736)−0.7069a (0.1078)−1.1339a (0.0761)0.3019b (0.12)
Living in pair0.0558b (0.02)0.1415a (0.0269)0.059b (0.0205)0.047 (0.0333)
Health bad-very badRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Health fair−0.0479 (0.0327)−0.3426a (0.0366)− 0.3827a (0.0328)−0.6589a (0.0406)
Health good−0.5323a (0.0354)−1.0711a (0.043)−0.9845a (0.0364)−1.628a (0.0511)
Health very good−0.9209a (0.0453)−1.5624a (0.0615)−1.3326a (0.0453)−2.2249a (0.0847)
Hypertension0.3355a (0.0224)0.0318 (0.0302)0.1138a (0.0249)0.0442 (0.036)
Stroke0.233a (0.0563)0.297a (0.0656)0.4627a (0.0577)0.7002a (0.065)
Heart0.1454a (0.0336)0.2202a (0.0408)0.326a (0.0348)0.4882a (0.0433)
Diabetes0.2588a (0.0317)0.1536a (0.04)0.1583a (0.034)0.178a (0.0447)
Cholesterol0.1186a (0.023)0.0086 (0.0301)−0.0165 (0.025)− 0.1247b (0.0367)
Tumor0.0202 (0.0445)0.7148a (0.0478)0.1564b (0.0464)0.6695a (0.0542)
Mental0.1805a (0.0269)−0.0048 (0.0338)0.0841b (0.0281)−0.1338b (0.0413)
Rest chronics0.0579a (0.0048)0.0592a (0.0059)0.0528a (0.005)−0.0012 (0.007)
Limitation 2 weeks0.8318a (0.026)0.5888a (0.0309)0.5334a (0.0262)0.5308a (0.0374)
Accidents 12 months0.1126b (0.0359)0.1135b (0.0443)1.1771a (0.0346)0.3738a (0.0506)
GHQ120.0113b (0.0038)0.0245a (0.0046)0.0278a (0.0038)0.0279a (0.0053)
No studiesRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Primary studies−0.0299 (0.0306)0.0498 (0.0412)−0.0381 (0.0333)0.0782c (0.0465)
Secondary studies−0.0958b (0.0327)0.1788a (0.0438)−0.0277 (0.0352)0.0962c (0.0514)
University studies−0.2451a (0.0437)0.2069a (0.0582)−0.1435b (0.0455)0.0739 (0.0735)
Low social classRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Medium-low SC−0.0444c (0.0269)0.0401 (0.0366)0.0327 (0.0278)0.0692 (0.0444)
Medium-high SC−0.151a (0.0315)−0.005 (0.0427)− 0.1423a (0.0329)−0.0381 (0.0531)
High social class−0.399a (0.0372)−0.1368b (0.0498)− 0.1999a (0.0378)−0.0508 (0.0632)
InactiveRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
Employed−0.1747a (0.0293)−0.1925a (0.0387)0.1237a (0.0299)−0.2461a (0.0522)
Unemployed−0.0467 (0.0385)−0.1169b (0.0513)0.1629a (0.0384)−0.0193 (0.0668)
Retired0.1121b (0.0335)0.1268b (0.0433)0.1305a (0.0371)0.0351 (0.0522)
Small municipality0.0921a (0.0195)−0.0219 (0.0259)0.0156 (0.0199)−0.0225 (0.0321)
2006 c Native SpanishRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
2011 c Native Spanish−0.0781b (0.0247)0.1275a (0.0325)0.0854b (0.0258)−0.0176 (0.0418)
2017 c Native Spanish.−0.2095a (0.0242)−0.1569a (0.0328)0.2166a (0.0249)0.0228 (0.0398)
2006 c Economic immig.−0.0922 (0.0622)−0.1841b (0.0867)0.2177a (0.0578)0.086 (0.1087)
2011 c Economic immig.0.081 (0.0686)0.0149 (0.0949)0.3088a (0.0657)0.1879 (0.1248)
2017 c Economic immig.0.0378 (0.0606)−0.2913b (0.0902)0.4108a (0.0579)−0.0752 (0.117)
2006c Non-Econ immig.−0.2691b (0.1244)−0.268 (0.1719)− 0.2368c (0.1279)0.1691 (0.197)
2011c Non-Econ immig.−0.4382b (0.1635)−0.1443 (0.2183)− 0.1329 (0.1659)−0.5245 (0.352)
2017c Non-Econ immig.−0.2473c (0.1436)−0.2454 (0.2037)0.1725 (0.1414)0.0857 (0.2356)
Intercept−0.9489a (0.0757)−1.9167a (0.0947)−0.1571b (0.0726)−1.7855a (0.1143)
\( {\sigma}_c^2 \)0.0237 (0.0085)0.0165 (0.0065)0.0186 (0.0069)0.0092 (0.0045)
Log-likelihood
(Wald Chi test p-value)
−36,721.823
(0.0000)
−23,221.755
(0.0000)
−35,196.145
(0.0000)
−15,934.602
(0.0000)
N69,31169,12369,23168,892
  1. a Significant at 1%, b Significant at 5%, c Significant at 10%