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Table 3 Association between natural outdoor environments and the odds of reporting good health

From: Residential exposure to natural outdoor environments and general health among older adults in Shanghai, China

SexFemalesMales  
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
 The percentage of surrounding green spaces within 1 km buffer1.64 (1.14–2.37) **1.32 (0.94–1.86)  
 The percentage of surrounding blue spaces within 1 km buffer3.10 (0.75–12.88)1.14 (0.31–4.19)  
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest green spaces0.94 (0.91–0.98) **0.97 (0.94–1.00)  
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest blue spaces0.94 (0.88–0.99) *0.94 (0.89–0.99) *  
Age (years)60–6970–79> = 80 
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI) 
 The percentage of surrounding green spaces within 1 km buffer2.39 (1.27–4.49) **1.48 (0.66–3.30)1.01 (0.23–4.35) 
 The percentage of surrounding blue spaces within 1 km buffer2.80 (0.24–32.39)3.21 (0.13–82.10)1.91 (0.01–269.42) 
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest green spaces0.91 (0.85–0.97) **0.95 (0.87–1.03)0.94 (0.81–1.09) 
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest blue spaces0.92 (0.82–1.03)0.84 (0.72–0.97) *1.00 (0.78–1.28) 
EducationNo schoolingElementary school or junior high schoolSenior high schoolCollege or above
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
 The percentage of surrounding green spaces within 1 km buffer1.66 (0.70–3.92)2.09 (1.22–3.59) **3.44 (0.71–16.60)2.18 (0.14–33.14)
 The percentage of surrounding blue spaces within 1 km buffer8.31 (0.35–198.67)7.17 (0.81–63.61)0.03 (0.00–2.28)0.03 (0.00–143.17)
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest green spaces0.96 (0.87–1.05)0.92 (0.87–0.98) **0.89 (0.79–1.00)0.86 (0.70–1.06)
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest blue spaces0.90 (0.77–1.06)0.85 (0.77–0.94) **0.99 (0.83–1.17)1.09 (0.80–1.49)
Hukou statusLocal hukouNon-local hukou  
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)  
 The percentage of surrounding green spaces within 1 km buffer1.53 (0.91–2.57)4.26 (1.51–12.01) **  
 The percentage of surrounding blue spaces within 1 km buffer3.85 (0.54–27.67)1.06 (0.18–61.40)  
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest green spaces0.95 (0.90–1.01)0.85 (0.78–0.94) **  
 Logarithm of proximity to the nearest blue spaces0.90 (0.82–0.99)0.88 (0.75–1.04)  
  1. Note: OR odds ratio; 95% confidence intervals in brackets; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. All models have been adjusted for all covariates shown in Table 2