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Table 1 Stunting prevalence in under-five children according to ethnic group, place of residence and wealth quintiles

From: Ethnic inequalities and trends in stunting prevalence among Guatemalan children: an analysis using national health surveys 1995–2014

Stratifiers DHS 1995
(N = 7809)
DHS 1998
(N = 3538)
RHS 2002
(N = 4623)
RHS 2008
(N = 8483)
DHS 2014
(N = 12567)
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Ethnic group
 Indigenous 72.7 (70.5; 74.7) 73.6 (70.0; 76.9) 75.0 (72.8; 77.0) 63.6 (61.8; 65.5) 61.1 (58.8; 63.5)
 Nonindigenous 43.0 (39.9; 46.1) 42.1 (37.5; 47.0) 41.2 (38.7; 43.8) 34.9 (33.2; 36.7) 33.9 (31.9; 35.9)
Difference (pp) 29.7 31.5 33.8 28.7 27.2
Place of residence
 Rural 62.6 (60.6; 64.6) 61.8 (56.9; 66.3) 61.1 (58.9; 63.2) 56.7 (55.1; 58.3) 53.0 (50.8; 55.1)
 Urban 40.2 (36.0; 44.5) 39.2 (30.6; 48.6) 42.1 (38.7; 45.6) 33.2 (31.1; 35.3) 34.6 (31.9; 37.4)
Difference (pp) 22.4 22.6 19.0 23.5 18.4
Wealth quintiles
 Poorest 70.5 (67.7; 73.1) 71.3 (66.0; 76.2) 74.1 (71.7; 76.3) 67.9 (65.8; 69.9) 65.9 (63.3; 68.4)
 2nd 67.2 (64.4; 70.0) 69.0 (64.5; 73.2) 64.9 (61.3; 68.3) 57.7 (55.1; 60.3) 57.1 (54.4; 59.8)
 3rd 58.9 (55.3; 62.5) 58.2 (49.2; 66.6) 47.4 (43.6; 51.2) 41.7 (38.7; 44.8) 43.8 (41.0; 46.6)
 4th 39.3 (34.2; 44.7) 34.0 (28.6; 40.0) 40.0 (35.0; 45.2) 24.8 (21.8; 28.2) 28.9 (26.4; 31.4)
 Wealthiest 15.8 (12.2; 20.4) 15.0 (11.1; 20.1) 18.1 (12.8; 24.8) 14.3 (11.2; 18.0) 17.4 (15.1; 19.9)
SII (pp) −52.9 (−58.4; − 47.4) − 60.4 (− 68.6; − 52.3) − 57.2 (− 63.3; − 51.1) −60.2 (− 64.2; − 56.1) −55.8 (− 59.7; − 51.9)
Total 55.6 (53.5; 57.6) 54.0 (49.8; 58.1) 54.9 (53.0; 56.7) 48.0 (46.7; 49.4) 46.5 (44.8; 48.2)
  1. SII Slope index of inequality (absolute inequality)