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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of all variables in the total sample and by intersectional positions of sexual orientation and education

From: What drives us apart? Decomposing intersectional inequalities in cigarette smoking by education and sexual orientation among U.S. adults

  Total LGBQ adults Heterosexual adults P value (χ2)
  Low-educated High-educated Low-educated High-educated  
Weighted % Weighted % Weighted % Weighted % Weighted %  
(unweighted N) (unweighted N) (unweighted N) (unweighted N) (unweighted N)  
100 (25,941) 0.79 (301) 4.12 (1,505) 9.72 (3,007) 85.37 (21,128)  
Socio-demographic factors
 Gender < 0.001
  Women 51.20 (13,145) 60.68 (204) 58.74 (971) 47.43 (1,355) 51.19(10,479)  
  Men 48.80 (13,029) 39.32 (94) 41.26 (533) 52.57 (1,647) 48.81 (10,637)  
 Age < 0.001
  18–24 12.58 (7,409) 21.94 (146) 24.26 (625) 11.28 (873) 12.19 (5,721)  
  25–44 35.34 (9,401) 51.21 102) 44.98 (595) 27.58 (865) 35.63 (7,751)  
  45+ 52.08 (9,382) 26.85(53) 30.76(285) 61.14(1,269) 52.18 (7,653)  
 Race/ethnicity < 0.001
  Non-Hispanic White 65.85 (15,527) 20.72 (97) 63.51 (855) 43.55 (1,326) 69.15 (13,137)  
  Hispanic 15.30 (4,610) 64.34 (132) 19.08 (310) 36.63 (869) 11.97 (3,207)  
  Non-Hispanic non-white 18.85 (5,658) 14.95 (66) 18.85 (322) 19.83 (722) 18.88 (4,509)  
 Marital status < 0.001
  Married 51.90 (10,089) 38.37 (75) 27.99 (308) 43.29 (982) 54.12 (8,612)  
  Separated/ divorced/widow 21.28 (4,962) 20.73 (49) 17.20 (212) 30.88 (759) 20.36 (3,883)  
  Never married 26.82 (11,063) 40.91 (172) 54.81 (980) 25.83 (1,248) 25.52 (8,583)  
Material conditions  
 Annual household income < 0.001
   < $10,000 12.55 (4,822) 49.24 (158) 17.81 (368) 32.55 (1,170) 9.43 (3,047)  
  $10,000–$24,999 19.84 (5,891) 30.83 (81) 23.62 (387) 38.87 (934) 17.28 (4,425)  
  $25,000–$49,999 22.80 (5,933) 13.95 (37) 22.45 (326) 17.47 (530) 23.58 (4,994)  
  $50,000–$99,999 26.11 (5,734) 4.21 (15) 22.41 (276) 8.72 (266) 28.55 (5,129)  
  100,000 or more 18.70 (3,815) 1.76 (10) 13.71 (148) 2.40 (107) 21.16 (3,533)  
 Employment status < 0.001
  Full-time 49.51 (12,238) 33.93 (81) 50.52 (666) 32.88 (886) 51.64 (10,496)  
  Part-time 16.35 (5,134) 23.06 (65) 22.07 (375) 12.51 (488) 16.52 (4,173)  
  Unpaid 34.14 (8,731) 43.01 (150) 27.41 (459) 54.61 (1,611) 31.84 (6,406)  
 Receiving assistance < 0.001
  Yes 17.75 (5,798) 36.73 (115) 23.82 (432) 32.66 (1,066) 15.53 (4,134)  
  No 82.25 (20,357) 63.27 (186) 76.18 (1,071) 67.34 (1,935) 84.47 (16,969)  
 Housing < 0.001
  Own 56.19 (10,961) 21.04 (55) 35.71 (385) 40.51 (924) 59.41 (9,498)  
  Rent 34.16 (11,139) 65.26 (175) 48.46 (815) 48.84 (1,549) 31.30 (8,481)  
  Something else 9.65 (4,015) 13.71 (69) 15.83 (302) 10.65 (518) 9.28 (3,098)  
 Health insurance < 0.001
  Private health insurance 66.42 (15,493) 29.72 (93) 60.53 (815) 37.66 (1,063) 70.69 (13,418)  
  Medicare or Medicaid 21.15 (6,212) 27.46 (101) 20.42 (372) 38.94 (1,141) 18.85 (4,521)  
  No health insurance 12.42 (4,405) 42.82 (104) 19.04 (315) 38.94 (787) 10.46 (3,138)  
Marketing-related variables  
 Exposure to contextual-level targeting advertisement 0.1655
  Yes 37.37 (10,498) 38.68 (137) 42.24 (666) 37.54 (1,239) 37.25 (8,376)  
  No 62.63 (15,651) 61.32 (164) 57.76 (839) 62.46 (1,760) 62.75 (12,718)  
 Exposure to targeted tobacco marketing < 0.001
  Yes 10.33 (3,514) 6.41 (29) 14.45 (255) 9.07 (356) 10.4 (2,863)  
  No 89.67 (22,647) 93.59 (272) 85.55 (1,247) 90.93 (2,645) 89.6 (18,242)  
 Exposure to media advertisement 0.0363
  Yes 45.93 (12,379) 56.48 (174) 50.12 (759) 47.03 (1,484) 45.59 (9,862)  
  No 54.07 (13,764) 43.52 (127) 49.88 (744) 52.97 (1,511) 54.41 (11,231)  
Intra-personal factors  
 Perceived quality of life < 0.001
  Good 91.16 (23,219) 73.36 (223) 86.13 (1,270) 79.51 (2,355) 92.94 (19,168)  
  Fair 7.87 (2,584) 24.41 (66) 11.68 (197) 18.26 (576) 6.32 (1,705)  
  Poor 0.97 (372) 2.23 (9) 2.19 (37) 2.23 (72) 0.74 (244)  
 Satisfaction with social relations < 0.001
  Very satisfied 67.56 (16,507) 60.17 (163) 55.43 (792) 61.56 (1,720) 68.86 (13,678)  
  Moderately satisfied 30.17 (8,877) 35.07 (117) 40.15 (638) 35.16 (1,143) 29.13 (6,896)  
  Not at all satisfied 2.27 (778) 4.76 (17) 4.418 (75) 3.29 (137) 2.00 (537)  
 Smoking Status < 0.001
  Non-smokers 81.01 (17,147) 76.55 (179) 72.44 (900) 70.25 (1,582) 82.60 (14,310)  
  Smokers 18.99 (9,048) 23.45 (122) 27.56 (605) 29.75 (1,425) 17.40 (6,818)