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Table 8 Average DHEE values of 31 provinces in rural China from 2007 to 2016

From: Health expenditure efficiency in rural China using the super-SBM model and the Malmquist productivity index

Provinces 2007–2008 2008–2009 2009–2010 2010–2011 2011–2012 2012–2013 2013–2014 2014–2015 2015–2016 Average
Beijing (E) 1.074 0.995 1.031 1.037 1.002 1.005 1.018 1.022 1.073 1.028
Tianjin (E) 1.012 0.876 1.183 1.015 0.992 0.919 0.981 1.066 1.116 1.014
Hebei (E) 0.791 0.737 1.147 0.869 0.990 0.875 0.921 0.927 1.086 0.919
Shanxi (C) 0.806 0.811 1.305 0.820 0.950 0.943 0.905 0.903 1.075 0.936
Inner Mongolia (W) 0.859 0.950 1.158 0.914 1.035 0.952 1.011 0.990 1.008 0.983
Liaoning (NE) 0.918 0.750 1.283 0.949 1.003 0.950 0.903 0.999 0.922 0.955
Jinlin (NE) 0.860 0.679 1.274 0.927 0.981 0.919 0.977 0.869 1.008 0.932
Heilongjiang (NE) 0.853 0.701 1.166 0.867 1.028 0.942 0.855 0.913 1.055 0.922
Shanghai (E) 0.945 0.911 1.065 1.031 0.967 0.998 0.945 0.941 0.936 0.97
Jiangsu (E) 0.899 0.752 1.332 0.953 1.050 1.041 1.034 0.977 1.084 1.003
Zhejiang (E) 0.905 0.761 1.546 0.983 1.114 1.063 1.043 1.104 1.115 1.053
Anhui (C) 0.814 0.714 0.996 0.722 0.982 0.932 0.950 0.973 1.123 0.903
Fujian (E) 0.966 0.851 1.287 0.869 1.020 0.949 0.930 0.988 1.061 0.984
Jiangxi (C) 1.050 0.737 1.101 0.916 1.002 0.877 0.853 0.946 1.009 0.937
Shandong (E) 0.913 0.807 1.308 0.903 1.032 0.999 0.918 0.973 1.025 0.978
Henan (C) 0.917 0.697 1.144 0.829 0.896 0.886 0.907 0.937 1.017 0.907
Hubei (C) 0.855 0.705 1.177 0.839 1.062 0.938 0.933 0.944 1.038 0.934
Hunan (C) 0.928 0.751 1.197 0.833 0.984 0.933 0.911 0.986 1.049 0.945
Guangdong (E) 0.864 0.779 1.233 0.753 0.910 0.921 0.833 0.948 0.972 0.904
Guangxi (W) 0.888 0.671 1.084 0.745 1.053 1.030 0.880 0.922 0.969 0.906
Hainan (E) 0.800 0.653 1.130 0.776 0.923 0.922 0.900 0.935 0.983 0.882
Chongqing (W) 0.937 0.816 1.205 0.841 1.042 0.981 0.924 0.952 1.097 0.97
Sichuan (W) 0.927 0.760 1.168 0.798 1.017 0.919 0.919 0.938 0.995 0.931
Guizhou (W) 0.884 0.694 1.002 0.790 1.044 0.947 0.827 0.923 1.031 0.897
Yunan (W) 0.860 0.706 1.097 0.856 1.063 1.016 0.948 0.940 1.041 0.94
Tibet (W) 0.992 0.624 1.066 1.164 1.059 1.010 0.983 0.916 1.016 0.969
Shaanxi (W) 0.785 0.673 1.199 0.921 0.997 0.906 0.939 0.939 1.094 0.928
Gansu (W) 0.792 0.680 1.098 0.779 1.086 0.949 0.902 0.910 1.014 0.902
Qinghai (W) 1.060 0.763 1.227 0.968 0.936 0.972 0.994 0.891 1.064 0.979
Ningxia (W) 0.803 0.611 1.080 0.934 0.958 0.905 0.907 0.985 1.028 0.902
Xinjiang (W) 1.006 0.717 1.576 0.977 1.024 1.079 0.977 0.977 1.075 1.026
Annual average 0.898 0.748 1.182 0.884 1.005 0.956 0.932 0.955 1.037 0.949
  1. E, NE, C and W in parentheses refer to the east, northeast, central and west areas, respectively