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Table 5 Predicted probabilities of Incurring Distress Financing on Institutional Delivery by Selected Socio-Demographic Characteristics in India, Bihar and Telangana, 2015–16

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure and distress financing on institutional delivery in India

  India Bihar Telangana
Variables Predictive Probability 95% Confidence Interval Predictive Probability 95% Confidence Interval Predictive Probability 95% Confidence Interval
Place of Residence
 Urban 0.194 (0.189, 0.199) 0.273 (0.245, 0.302) 0.355 (0.306, 0.404)
 Rural 0.186 (0.183, 0.189) 0.321 (0.311, 0.330) 0.357 (0.322, 0.393)
Mother Age
 15–24 0.195 (0.191, 0.199) 0.309 (0.293, 0.326) 0.365 (0.324, 0.407)
 25–35 0.185 (0.182, 0.187) 0.316 (0.304, 0.329) 0.351 (0.315, 0.387)
 35+ 0.193 (0.180, 0.207) 0.355 (0.299, 0.411) 0.249 (−0.029, 0.527)
Education Level
 No education 0.229 (0.223, 0.234) 0.348 (0.334, 0.363) 0.418 (0.350, 0.486)
 Primary 0.216 (0.210, 0.222) 0.320 (0.295, 0.346) 0.501 (0.415, 0.587)
 Secondary 0.192 (0.189, 0.196) 0.303 (0.285, 0.321) 0.358 (0.318, 0.399)
 Higher 0.140 (0.136, 0.144) 0.230 (0.206, 0.255) 0.271 (0.224, 0.318)
Religion
 Hindu 0.186 (0.183, 0.188) 0.309 (0.299, 0.319) 0.361 (0.332, 0.390)
 Muslim 0.211 (0.205, 0.217) 0.350 (0.325, 0.376) 0.325 (0.241, 0.409)
 Others 0.177 (0.168, 0.186) 0.651 (0.339, 0.963) 0.343 (0.191, 0.496)
Social Group
 Schedule caste 0.200 (0.195, 0.205) 0.298 (0.279, 0.318) 0.339 (0.280, 0.398)
 Schedule tribe 0.190 (0.184, 0.196) 0.337 (0.284, 0.389) 0.400 (0.309, 0.491)
 OBC 0.190 (0.187, 0.194) 0.325 (0.313, 0.337) 0.355 (0.320, 0.389)
 Others 0.175 (0.170, 0.179) 0.294 (0.271, 0.317) 0.361 (0.287, 0.436)
Birth Order
 1 0.183 (0.179, 0.187) 0.323 (0.303, 0.342) 0.339 (0.294, 0.384)
 2 0.187 (0.184, 0.191) 0.312 (0.295, 0.329) 0.364 (0.326, 0.402)
 3 0.191 (0.185, 0.196) 0.321 (0.302, 0.341) 0.374 (0.303, 0.444)
 4+ 0.203 (0.196, 0.209) 0.304 (0.284, 0.324) 0.353 (0.215, 0.492)
Source of Delivery
 Public facility 0.188 (0.185, 0.191) 0.327 (0.315, 0.339) 0.327 (0.275, 0.378)
 Private facility 0.188 (0.183, 0.194) 0.282 (0.258, 0.305) 0.373 (0.336, 0.411)
Type of Delivery
 Normal Delivery 0.183 (0.180, 0.185) 0.312 (0.302, 0.322) 0.317 (0.274, 0.360)
 Caesarean Delivery 0.211 (0.206, 0.217) 0.339 (0.303, 0.374) 0.381 (0.346, 0.416)
Wealth Quintile
 Poorest 0.313 (0.305, 0.320) 0.394 (0.379, 0.409) 0.453 (0.341, 0.565)
 Poorer 0.255 (0.249, 0.260) 0.306 (0.289, 0.323) 0.383 (0.318, 0.449)
 Middle 0.201 (0.196, 0.205) 0.239 (0.217, 0.261) 0.406 (0.355, 0.457)
 Richer 0.150 (0.146, 0.155) 0.191 (0.164, 0.219) 0.362 (0.314, 0.411)
 Richest 0.084 (0.080, 0.087) 0.113 (0.077, 0.149) 0.222 (0.161, 0.282)
JSY Assistance
 No 0.189 (0.186, 0.192) 0.331 (0.314, 0.347) 0.359 (0.331, 0.388)
 Yes 0.188 (0.184, 0.191) 0.303 (0.290, 0.316) 0.337 (0.257, 0.417)
Mean OOPE
 0–1000 0.085 (0.083, 0.088) 0.221 (0.207, 0.236) 0.137 (0.098, 0.175)
 l000–5000 0.215 (0.211, 0.219) 0.316 (0.303, 0.329) 0.272 (0.216, 0.328)
 5000–10,000 0.290 (0.282, 0.297) 0.429 (0.395, 0.463) 0.408 (0.339, 0.477)
 10,000–15,000 0.328 (0.317, 0.339) 0.476 (0.424, 0.528) 0.476 (0.403, 0.549)
 15,000–20,000 0.368 (0.352, 0.383) 0.503 (0.433, 0.573) 0.486 (0.389, 0.583)
 20,000+ 0.408 (0.396, 0.419) 0.560 (0.512, 0.607) 0.551 (0.495, 0.606)