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Table 6 Multivariable analysis between health needs and education

From: Health need assessment in an indigenous high-altitude population living on an island in Lake Titicaca, Perú

Characteristic (among adults) Crude PR (95% CI) Adjusteda PR (95% CI)
Primary school Secondary school % (95% CI) Higher education Primary school Secondary school % (95% CI) Higher education
Non-communicable diseases and risk factors
 Blood pressure measurement in the last year 1.07 (0.65–1.76) Ref. 1.94 (0.91–4.12) 1.05 (0.58–1.91) Ref. 2.10 (0.96–4.60)
 Self-report of a diagnosis of high blood pressure 1.06 (0.15–7.46) Ref. 10.43 (1.69–64.32) 0.60 (0.02–21.57) Ref. 10.58 (1.5–74.86)
 Smoking in the last year 1.61 (0.61–4.26) Ref. 6.53 (2.31–18.47) 2.84 (0.94–8.60) Ref. 7.10 (2.05–24.65)
 Smoking in the last month 1.71 (0.42–7.02) Ref. 7.62 (1.49–39.05) 1.93 (0.27–13.86) Ref. 7.92 (0.84–74.66)
 Lifetime prevalence of alcohol use 0.94 (0.67–1.33) Ref. 1.50 (0.88–2.58) 0.91 (0.59–1.39) Ref. 1.37 (0.79–2.40)
 Alcohol use in the last month 1.01 (0.39–2.62) Ref. 1.16 (0.16–8.25) 0.77 (0.24–2.46) Ref. 0.92 (0.10–8.73)
 Fruit consumption in the last week 0.95 (0.84–1.08) Ref. 0.92 (0.64–1.34) 0.94 (0.78–1.14) Ref. 0.96 (0.67–1.36)
Eye health
 Lifetime prevalence of visual acuity testing 0.50 (0.28–0.90) Ref. 0.87 (0.25–3.00) 0.73 (0.34–1.57) Ref. 1.34 (0.37–4.78)
 Difficulty seeing/recognising a face within 6 m in the last year 1.36 (0.88–2.09) Ref. 1.39 (0.56–3.49) 0.72 (0.46–1.13) Ref. 1.09 (0.41–2.90)
Communicable diseases
 Heard about tuberculosis 0.69 (0.51–0.93) Ref. 1.08 (0.73–1.59) 0.62 (0.45–0.86) Ref. 1.01 (0.68–1.48)
 Heard about HIV/AIDS 0.48 (0.31–0.76) Ref. 1.99 (1.17–3.41) 0.85 (0.50–1.46) Ref. 1.72 (1.01–2.93)
Cancer
 Knowledge of cancer prevention (among women) 0.54 (0.24–1.23) Ref. 3.43 (1.27–9.23) 0.46 (0.20–1.05) Ref. 2.38 (1.57–3.60)
Depression
 Self-report of anhedonia or sadness 0.69 (0.44–1.07) Ref. 1.01 (0.29–3.47) 0.82 (0.48–1.41) Ref. 0.71 (0.21–2.39)
  1. a Adjusted by age and sex