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Table 6 Variables included in multivariate logistic regression model (n = 1375)

From: Access to community-based HIV services among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

Variables in the final model* Access to community-based HIV programs
AOR (95% CI) P-value
Study setting
Rural Reference  
Urban 1.41 (1.01–1.96) 0.04
Age group
18–24 Reference  
25–34 1.12 (0.86–1.44) 0.41
≥ 35 0.85 (0.57–1.27) 0.42
Level of formal education attained
Primary or lower (0–6 years) Reference  
Lower secondary (7–9 years) 0.96 (0.67–1.32) 0.80
Higher secondary (10–12 years) 1.19 (0.86–1.65) 0.29
University or higher 1.68 (1.02–2.75) 0.04
Average monthly income in the past six months
< US$186 Reference  
≥ US$186 1.02 (0.79–1.30) 0.90
Current occupation (main source of income)
Entertainment worker Reference  
Hairdresser/beautician 0.99 (0.70–1.42) 0.97
Government officer 1.45 (0.82–2.58) 0.20
Laborer/farmer/fisherman 0.80 (0.53–1.21) 0.29
Self-employed 1.13 (0.72–1.78) 0.60
Unemployed 0.81 (0.44–1.50) 0.51
Student 0.67 (0.38–1.17) 0.16
Other 1.07 (0.54–2.14) 0.85
Duration living in current city
<  16 months Reference  
≥ 16 months 1.17 (0.93–1.48) 1.18
Frequency of expression as female
All the time Reference  
Not all the time 0.89 (0.69–1.16) 0.40
Use of gender-affirming hormones
No Reference  
Yes 1.50 (1.17–1.92) 0.002
Had gender-affirming surgeries
No Reference  
Yes 1.05 (0.70–1.59) 0.81
Had sex with women in the past 12 months
No Reference  
Yes 1.06 (0.48–2.35) 0.89
Usual role in anal sex with men in past three months
Insertive Reference  
Receptive 0.33 (0.14–0.78) 0.01
Both 0.73 (0.31–5.87) 0.09
Always used condoms with men not in exchange for money or gifts
No Reference  
Yes 0.67 (0.51–0.87) 0.003
Always used condoms with men in exchange for money or gifts
No Reference  
Yes 1.81 (0.16–2.82) 0.009
Feeling that co-workers/classmates are supportive regarding transgender identity
Supportive Reference  
Not supportive 0.57 (0.44–0.98) 0.04
Having been arrested by police or authorities because of transgender identity
No Reference  
Yes 1.55 (1.03–2.33) 0.03
Having difficulties in getting HIV services
No Reference  
Yes 1.07 (0.71–1.60) 0.76
Had been physically abused
No Reference  
Yes 1.27 (0.96–1.69) 0.10
Had been sexually abuse or assault
No Reference  
Yes 1.12 (0.93–1.53) 0.16
Had been arrested by police/authorities
No Reference  
Yes 1.36 (0.91–2.02) 0.13
  1. Abbreviations: AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. *Age, education level, and income and all variables significantly associated with access to community-based HIV programs in the bivariate analyses at a level of p-value < 0.05 were simultaneously included in the model
  3. Defined by having been reached by a community-based HIV program with any one of the services in the past 3 months