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Table 4 Gender-based discrimination and violence among transgender women who had and who had no access to community-based HIV programs

From: Access to community-based HIV services among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

Gender-based discrimination and violence Total (n = 1375) Access to community-based HIV programs in the past 3 months*
No (n = 756) Yes (n = 619) P-value
Co-workers/classmates are supportive regarding transgender identity 1235 (89.8) 667 (88.2) 568 (91.8) 0.03
Difficulties in getting a job 578 (42.0) 302 (39.9) 276 (44.6) 0.08
Lost a job 334 (24.3) 176 (23.3) 158 (25.5) 0.33
Denied/thrown out of a housing 249 (18.1) 127 (16.8) 122 (19.7) 0.16
Having difficulties in getting HIV services 117 (8.5) 48 (6.3) 69 (11.1) 0.002
Having difficulties in getting health services 125 (9.1) 61 (8.1) 64 (10.3) 0.15
Had been physically abused 325 (23.6) 158 (20.9) 167 (27.0) 0.008
Had been sexually abuse or assault 538 (39.1) 267 (35.3) 271 (43.8) 0.001
Had been arrested by police/authorities 144 (10.5) 64 (8.5) 80 (12.9) 0.007
Feeling fearful of being arrested by police 342 (24.9) 180 (23.8) 162 (26.2) 0.31
  1. Values are numbers of subjects (%) for categorical variables
  2. *Defined by having been reached by a community-based HIV program with any one of the services
  3. Chi-square test (or Fisher’s exact test when a cell count was smaller than 5) was used