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Table 3 HIV risk behaviors and HIV testing among transgender women who had and who had no access to community-based HIV programs

From: Access to community-based HIV services among transgender women in Cambodia: findings from a national survey

HIV risk behaviors in the past 3 months Total (n = 1375) Access to community-based HIV programs in the past 3 months*
No (n = 756) Yes (n = 619) P-value
Sex with women 118 (8.6) 76 (10.1) 42 (6.8) 0.03
Sex with women for money or gifts 22 (1.6) 12 (1.6) 10 (1.6) 0.91
Usual role in anal sex with men     0.009
Insertive 29 (2.1) 9 (1.3) 20 (3.3)  
Receptive 1045 (87.5) 626 (88.0) 519 (86.8)  
Both 135 (10.3) 76 (10.7) 59 (9.9)  
Mean number of male partners not in exchange for money or gifts 23.5 ± 39.2 24.1 ± 40.7 22.9 ± 37.4 0.53
Always used condoms with men not in exchange for money or gifts 703 (58.4) 421 (64.7) 282 (51.1) < 0.001
Sex with men in exchange for money or gifts 495 (37.8) 261 (36.7) 234 (39.1) 0.37
Mean number of male partners in exchange for money or gifts 2.7 ± 10.1 2.6 ± 9.0 2.9 ± 11.3 0.58
Always used condoms with men in exchange for money or gifts 246 (60.0) 112 (52.1) 134 (68.7) 0.001
Had been diagnosed with an STI 193 (14.0) 107 (14.2) 86 (13.9) 0.89
Had HIV test in lifetime 1107 (80.5) 529 (70.0) 578 (93.4) < 0.001
Had HIV test in the past 6 months 676 (60.1) 212 (28.0) 464 (75.0) < 0.001
Mean months since last HIV test 8.6 ± 12.3 12.0 ± 14.8 5.4 ± 8.2 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; STI, sexually transmitted infections
  2. Values are numbers of subjects (%) for categorical variables and means ± standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables
  3. *Defined by having been reached by a community-based HIV program with any one of the services
  4. Chi-square test (or Fisher’s exact test when a cell count was smaller than 5) was used for categorical variables and independent Student’s t-test for continuous variables