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Table 2 Risk factors for Cesarean-section in different sub-groups, adjusted Odds Ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) shown

From: Caesarean sections in the in the context of the Chiranjeevi Yojana public private partnership program to promote institutional birth in Gujarat, India; does the embedded disincentive for caesarean section work?

Characteristics All n = 2123 CY-beneficiaries No n = 1406 CY-beneficiaries Yes n = 717 Only women delivering at CY facilities. n = 1090
  AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
CY beneficiary. Yes 0.38 (0.22–0.44) 0.40 (0.24–0.67)
Age (years) 1.05 (0.98–1.13) 1.01 (0.93–1.10) 1.18 (1.03–1.34) 1.11 (0.99–1.23)
Education (years) 1.00 (0.96–1.04) 1.01 (0.96–1.06) 0.96 (0.86–1.06) 0.97 (0.91–1.03)
Caste
 ST 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 SC 2.11 (1.01–4.43) 1.44 (0.61–3.40) 5.88 (1.29–26.71) 4.05 (1.44–11.04)
 Others 1.89 (1.10–3.25) 1.46 (0.78–2.74) 3.48 (1.10–10.99) 2.54 (1.20–5.35)
 Number of pregnancies (unit) 0.64 (0.50–0.82) 0.70 (0.53–0.91) 0.49 (0.28–0.84) 0.50 (0.35–0.73)
Antenatal care visits
 0–2 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 3 or more 1.67 (1.02–2.75) 1.68 (0.97–2.92) 1.97 (0.60–6.46) 1.75 (0.82–3.59)
Wealth quintiles
 Lowest 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Low 1.01 (0.46–2.19) 1.20 (0.48–2.99) 0.60 (0.12–2.84) 0.80 (0.30–2.16)
 Middle 1.28 (0.63–2.61) 1.58 (0.69–3.62) 0.58 (0.12–2.67) 1.16 (0.48–2.81)
 High 1.15 (0.54–2.43) 1.16 (0.48–2.78) 1.15 (0.24–5.42) 0.81 (0.29–2.22)
 Highest 1.35 (0.63–2.87) 1.51 (0.63–3.59) 0.83 (0.15–4.57) 0.61 (0.21–1.75)
 Complications. Yes 10.71 (7.22–15.9) 10.18 (6.50–15.92) 13.18 (5.54–31.38) 6.00 (3.30–10.91)
District
 Dahod 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Sabarkantha 1.05 (0.60–1.82) 1.10 (0.58–2.09) 1.29 (0.37–4.54) 0.83 (0.38–1.80)
 Surendranagar 1.13 (0.59–2.18) 1.19 (0.57–2.46) 1.30 (0.25–6.70) 1.67 (0.64–4.38)
Facility type
 Public 1.00 1.00
 Private-CY 3.16 (1.80–5.53) 2.95 (1.69–5.17)   
 Private 2.55 (1.46–4.44) 2.56 (1.46–4.49)   
 Pseudo r2 0.21 0.15 0.24 0.19
 Hosmer-Lemeshow GOF test P = 0.97 P = 0.96 P = 1.00 P = 0.99