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Table 1 Maternal characteristics, facility type and district stratified by C-section occurrence

From: Caesarean sections in the in the context of the Chiranjeevi Yojana public private partnership program to promote institutional birth in Gujarat, India; does the embedded disincentive for caesarean section work?

Characteristics All births C-section No C-section Yes
n = 2123 n = 1959 n = 164
  n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age. Mean (SD)a 24.1 (3.54) 24.2 (3.58) 23.4 (2.97)
Education. Mean (SD) 5.1 (4.54) 5.1 (4.53) 5.5 (4.57)
Caste a
 ST 860 (40.5) 829 (42.3) 31 (18.9)
 SC 157 (7.4) 138 (7.0) 19 (11.6)
 Others 1106 (52.1) 992 (50.7) 114 (69.5)
Number of pregnancies Mean (SD)a 1.15 (1.30) 1.19 (1.32) 0.71 (0.91)
Antenatal care visits    
 3 or more a 1558 (73.4) 1418 (72.4) 140 (85.4)
BPL card. Yes a 1920 (90.4) 1762 (89.9) 158 (96.3)
Wealth quintilesa
 Lowest 360 (17.0) 347 (17.7) 13 (7.9)
 Low 383 (18.0) 364 (18.6) 19 (11.6)
 Middle 433 (20.5) 400 (20.4) 33 (20.1)
 High 439 (20.6) 406 (20.7) 33 (20.1)
 Highest 508 (23.9) 442 (22.6) 66 (40.3)
Complications. Yesa 171 (8.0) 103 (5.3) 68 (41.4)
District a
 Dahod 775 (36.5) 739 (37.7) 36 (21.9)
 Sabarkantha 738 (34.8) 681 (34.8) 57 (34.8)
 Surendranagar 610 (28.7) 539 (27.5) 71 (43.3)
Facility typea
 Public 595 (28.0) 571 (29.1) 24 (14.6)
 Private-CY 1090 (51.4) 1010 (51.6) 80 (48.8)
 Private 438 (20.6) 378 (19.3) 60 (36.6)
CY beneficiary. Yesa 717 (33.8) 683 (34.7) 34 (20.7)
  1. aChi2 test or t-test p < 0.05