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Table 3 The distribution of individuals who sought outpatient and inpatient carea by sociodemographic characteristics (n = 14,443)

From: Sociodemographic patterns of health insurance coverage in Namibia

Sociodemographic characteristics Sought Outpatient care No. (%) Sought Inpatient care No. (%)
No Yes p No Yes p
Health insurance
 No 10,916 (91.6) 1005 (8.4) < 0.001 11,440 (96.0) 481 (4.0) < 0.001
 Yes 2172 (86.1) 350 (13.9)   2378 (94.3) 144 (5.7)  
Sex
 Men 4119 (92.4) 339 (7.6) < 0.001 4343 (97.4) 115 (2.6) < 0.001
 Women 8969 (89.8) 1016 (10.2)   9475 (94.9) 510 (5.1)  
Age group
 15–19 2616 (95.7) 118 (4.3) < 0.001 2670 (97.7) 64 (2.3) < 0.001
 20–24 2338 (94.1) 147 (5.9)   2393 (96.3) 92 (3.7)  
 25–29 1913 (91.1) 187 (8.9)   1985 (94.5) 115 (5.5)  
 30–34 1579 (89.3) 190 (10.7)   1665 (94.1) 104 (5.9)  
 35–39 1424 (89.6) 165 (10.4)   1510 (95.0) 79 (5.0)  
 40–44 1178 (87.8) 163 (12.2)   1277 (95.2) 64 (4.8)  
 45–49 898 (85.0) 158 (15.0)   1011 (95.7) 45 (4.3)  
 50–64 1142 (83.4) 227 (16.6)   1307 (95.5) 62 (4.5)  
Education level
 No education 1111 (91.6) 102 (8.4) < 0.001 1180 (97.3) 33 (2.7) 0.014
 Primary 3133 (90.3) 337 (9.7)   3323 (95.8) 147 (4.2)  
 Secondary 7916 (91.1) 772 (8.9)   8300 (95.5) 388 (4.5)  
 Higher 928 (86.6) 144 (13.4)   1015 (94.7) 57 (5.3)  
Wealth quintile
 Lowest 2086 (90.7) 215 (9.3) < 0.001 2207 (95.9) 94 (4.1) 0.878
 Second 2446 (91.3) 232 (8.7)   2557 (95.5) 121 (4.5)  
 Middle 2795 (91.7) 253 (8.3)   2919 (95.8) 129 (4.2)  
 Fourth 3074 (90.9) 307 (9.1)   3227 (95.5) 154 (4.6)  
 Highest 2687 (88.5) 348 (11.5)   2908 (95.8) 127 (4.2)  
Residence type
 Urban 6643 (90.4) 708 (9.6) 0.295 7012 (95.4) 339 (4.6) 0.087
 Rural 6445 (90.9) 647 (9.1)   6806 (96.0) 286 (4.0)  
Marital status
 Never married 7406 (93.2) 541 (6.8) < 0.001 7672 (96.5) 275 (3.5) < 0.001
 Currently married 2681 (86.7) 412 (13.3)   2931 (94.8) 162 (5.2)  
 Living with partner 2129 (90.7) 218 (9.3)   2211 (94.2) 136 (5.8)  
 Formerly/ever married 872 (82.6) 184 (17.4)   1004 (95.1) 52 (4.9)  
Occupation
 Professional 4500 (88.4) 592 (11.6) < 0.001 4841 (95.1) 251 (4.9) 0.047
 Agricultural 580 (90.1) 64 (9.9)   622 (96.6) 22 (3.4)  
 Manual 1313 (91.5) 122 (8.5)   1382 (96.3) 53 (3.7)  
 Unemployed 6695 (92.1) 577 (7.9)   6973 (95.9) 299 (4.1)  
Total 13,088 (90.6) 1355 (9.4)   13,818 (95.7) 625 (4.3)  
  1. p value corresponds to a chi-squared test
  2. aOutpatient care sought in four weeks prior to survey and inpatient care sought in six months prior to survey