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Table 4 Standardized quintile distributions of health status and health care utilization variables (2006 and 2014)

From: The evolution of socioeconomic health inequalities in Ecuador during a public health system reform (2006–2014)

  Year Mean Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5
Health status
 Self-reported Illness 2006 0.55 0.60 0.59 0.57 0.55 0.49
2014 0.48 0.51 0.52 0.50 0.47 0.44
Dif −0.07* −0.09* −0.07* −0.07* −0.08* −0.05*
Health care utilization
 Any curative visit 2006 0.37 0.25 0.35 0.35 0.38 0.53
2014 0.48 0.39 0.44 0.49 0.51 0.56
Dif 0.11* 0.14* 0.09* 0.14* 0.13* 0.03*
 Public facility visit 2006 0.41 0.49 0.48 0.44 0.37 0.29
2014 0.63 0.76 0.74 0.66 0.59 0.51
Dif 0.22* 0.27* 0.26* 0.22* 0.22* 0.22*
  1. The health status variable was standardized by demographics (age and sex). Health care utilization variables were standardized by need and non-need variables in Table 2. Statistical significance of the difference between the two periods is tested with mean comparison t-test for unpaired data * p < 0.01