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Table 2 Definition of variables

From: The evolution of socioeconomic health inequalities in Ecuador during a public health system reform (2006–2014)

Dependent variables Description
Health status
 Self-reported illness or accident Categorical: In the past month, did you have an injury or illness that required medical attention? 1: Yes, 0: No
Health care utilization
 Any curative visit Categorical: Due to the illness or injury, did you visit a doctor, nurse or “curandero”? 1: Yes, 0: No
 Public facility visit Categorical: Where did you go for a doctor visit the last time you required it? Public, Private. IESS and MPH are categorized as public doctor visits
Socioeconomic status Description
 Income Adult equivalent per-capita income in constant US dollars. Includes labor income, income from capital gains, transfers, pensions, and other alimonies
Need control variables Description
 Age Categorical. Five categories: 18–34, 35–44, 45–64, 65–74, 75- years.
 Sex Categorical. Reported in the survey: Male, Female
 Restricted activity days Numeric count: How many days did you stop doing your normal activities due to health problems? Number of days
 Chronic condition Categorical: Did your illness last over a year? 1: Yes, 0: No
Non-need control variables Description
 Education Continuous. Years of schooling.
 Employment status Categorical. Employment status. Four categories: Employed, Underemployed, Unemployed, Economically inactive
 IESS affiliation Categorical: Are you affiliated or covered by any type of IESS (general, voluntary, rural, ISSFA o ISSPOL)? 1: Yes, 0: No
 Marital status Categorical: Reported in the survey. Married or civil union, Other (single, widow, separated, divorced)
 Region Categorical: Geographic region of the country. Three categories: Coastal Region; Highlands, Amazon
 Rural Categorical. 1: Yes, 0: No (Urban)
 Indigenous Categorical. Self-reported in the survey 1: Yes (Indigenous), 0: No (Other)
 Household size Number of people living in the household unit