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Table 4 Simultaneous adjustment of total cultural, social and economic capital on educational inequalities in food consumption, adjusted for confoundersa

From: Does cultural capital contribute to educational inequalities in food consumption in the Netherlands? A cross-sectional analysis of the GLOBE-2011 survey

  Low overall healthy food consumption Low whole wheat bread Low vegetable Low fish & meat-substitutes High fried food
(n = 2947) b (n = 2900) b (n = 2934) b (n = 2833) b (n = 2853) b
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Educational level
 1 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 2 1.09 (0.98–1.20) 1.23** (1.08–1.40) 1.20*** (1.09–1.32) 1.18** (1.05–1.33) 1.42*** (1.18–1.71)
 3 1.08 (0.97–1.20) 1.26** (1.09–1.47) 1.18** (1.06–1.31) 1.10 (0.97–1.26) 1.35** (1.08–1.69)
 4 Low 1.22* (1.04–1.43) 1.19 (0.92–1.53) 1.17 (0.98–1.40) 1.23* (1.00–1.51) 1.66** (1.15–2.38)
Total cultural capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.23*** (1.11–1.37) 1.13 (0.98–1.30) 1.30*** (1.16–1.45) 1.32*** (1.15–1.51) 1.29* (1.05–1.59)
 Low 1.35*** (1.22–1.49) 1.21** (1.05–1.38) 1.55*** (1.40–1.71) 1.74*** (1.53–1.97) 1.59*** (1.31–1.93)
Total social capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.01 (0.91–1.11) 0.98 (0.86–1.11) 0.96 (0.87–1.05) 1.05 (0.94–1.18) 0.92 (0.77–1.10)
 Low 1.11* (1.01–1.22) 1.23** (1.08–1.40) 1.02 (0.93–1.12) 1.21*** (1.08–1.36) 0.87 (0.72–1.05)
Total economic capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 0.97 (0.87–1.07) 1.09 (0.95–1.24) 0.93 (0.84–1.02) 0.89 (0.79–1.01) 1.00 (0.83–1.21)
 Low 1.06 (0.95–1.18) 1.08 (0.93–1.25) 0.98 (0.89–1.09) 0.93 (0.82–1.06) 1.03 (0.83–1.27)
  1. * = p < .050, ** = p ≤ .010, *** = p ≤ .001; OR odds ratio. a All models included educational level, total cultural capital, total social capital, total economic capital, and confounders (age, sex, ethnic background and marital status). b Varying sample sizes due to missing values on the food outcomes