Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Separate poisson regression models for educational level, total cultural capital, three specific types of cultural capital, total social capital, and total economic capital in their association with food consumption (adjusted for confoundersa)

From: Does cultural capital contribute to educational inequalities in food consumption in the Netherlands? A cross-sectional analysis of the GLOBE-2011 survey

  Sum scores Specific food outcomes
Low overall healthy food consumption High overall unhealthy food consumption Low whole wheat bread Low fruit Low vegetables Low fish/meat substitute High fried food High red meat High soft drink
(n = 2947) b (n = 2938) b (n = 2900) b (n = 2902) b (n = 2934) b (n = 2822) b (n = 2853) b (n = 2906) b (n = 2747) b
PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Educational level
 1 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 2 1.18*** (1.07–1.30) 1.01 (0.92–1.12) 1.32*** (1.16–1.49) 1.09* (1.01–1.17) 1.32*** (1.23–1.73) 1.33*** (1.18–1.50) 1.59*** (1.33–1.90) 1.03 (0.94–1.14) 1.00 (0.91–1.10)
 3 1.24*** (1.12–1.37) 1.00 (0.90–1.12) 1.40*** (1.22–1.61) 1.04 (0.95–1.14) 1.38*** (1.25–1.52) 1.36*** (1.21–1.54) 1.60*** (1.30–1.97) 0.93 (0.83–1.03) 1.05 (0.95–1.16)
 4 Low 1.48*** (1.28–1.73) 0.88 (0.71–1.10) 1.38** (1.08–1.76) 1.12 (0.93–1.34) 1.46*** (1.23–1.73) 1.66*** (1.37–2.02) 2.03*** (1.44–2.86) 1.11 (0.92–1.35) 1.16 (0.96–1.41)
Total cultural capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.24*** (1.12–.139) 1.09 (0.97–1.22) 1.14 (0.99–1.31) 1.13* (1.03–1.24) 1.13** (1.03–1.24) 1.33*** (1.16–1.52) 1.29* (1.05–1.58) 0.96 (0.86–1.07) 1.14** (1.02–1.27)
 Low 1.38*** (1.25–1.53) 1.19** (1.07–1.32) 1.27*** (1.11–1.45) 1.28*** (1.18–1.40) 1.28*** (1.18–1.40) 1.77*** (1.56–2.00) 1.58*** (1.31–1.91) 1.06 (0.96–1.18) 1.30*** (1.18–1.44)
Institutionalised cultural capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.11 (0.99–1.25) 0.97 (0.86–1.09) 1.03 (0.89–1.20) 1.14** (1.05–1.25) 1.10 (0.97–1.23) 0.98 (0.85–1.13) 1.24 (1.00–1.53) 1.07 (0.96–1.19) 1.05 (0.95–1.17)
 Low 1.20*** (1.08–1.34) 0.95 (0.85–1.07) 1.26*** (1.09–1.45) 1.12* (1.02–1.23) 1.36*** (1.23–1.52) 1.21** (1.07–1.38) 1.31* (1.07–1.62) 1.00 (0.90–1.11) 1.09 (0.98–1.21)
Objectivised cultural capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.18*** (1.07–1.29) 1.00 (0.90–1.11) 1.04 (0.92–1.18) 1.10* (1.02–1.19) 1.15** (1.05–1.25) 1.33*** (1.19–1.48) 0.97 (0.81–1.16) 1.01 (0.93–1.12) 1.00 (0.91–1.10)
 Low 1.21*** (1.10–1.34) 0.97 (0.86–1.09) 1.20** (1.06–1.37) 1.18*** (1.08–1.29) 1.11* (1.01–1.23) 1.38*** (1.23–1.56) 0.91 (0.74–1.12) 0.88* (0.78–0.99) 1.01 (0.91–1.13)
Incorporated cultural capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.25*** (1.13–1.39) 1.25*** (1.12–1.39) 1.15* (1.01–1.31) 1.14** (1.05–1.24) 1.26*** (1.14–1.40) 1.33*** (1.17–1.51) 1.42*** (1.16–1.73) 1.11* (1.01–1.23) 1.18** (1.06–1.31)
 Low 1.35*** (1.22–1.51) 1.18** (1.05–1.33) 1.14 (0.99–1.31) 1.30*** (1.19–1.42) 1.52*** (1.37–1.68) 1.74*** (1.53–1.98) 1.76*** (1.44–2.14) 1.06 (0.95–1.19) 1.37*** (1.23–1.52)
Total social capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.03 (0.93–1.13) 0.99 (0.90–1.10) 0.99 (0.87–1.13) 1.04 (0.96–1.13) 0.98 (0.89–1.07) 1.08 (0.96–1.21) 0.94 (0.79–1.12) 1.03 (0.94–1.13) 1.00 (0.91–1.09)
 Low 1.17*** (1.06–1.28) 1.04 (0.94–1.16) 1.27*** (1.12–1.44) 1.16*** (1.07–1.26) 1.08 (0.99–1.18) 1.30*** (1.16–1.46) 0.93 (0.77–1.12) 0.89** (0.80–0.99) 1.05 (0.96–1.16)
Total economic capital
 High 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Mid 1.00 (0.90–1.10) 1.01 (0.91–1.12) 1.12 (0.99–1.28) 0.99 (0.91–1.07) 0.96 (0.87–1.06) 0.96 (0.85–1.08) 1.03 (0.86–1.24) 0.90* (0.81–0.99) 1.02 (0.93–1.12)
 Low 1.13* (1.02–1.25) 0.99 (0.88–1.12) 1.16* (1.00–1.34) 1.10* (1.01–1.20) 1.06 (0.95–1.17) 1.05 (0.93–1.19) 1.07 (0.87–1.31) 0.85** (0.76–0.95) 0.98 (0.88–1.09)
  1. * = p < .050, ** = p ≤ .010, *** = p ≤ .001; OR odds ratio. a All models included education and the following confounders: age, sex, ethnic background and marital status
  2. bVarying sample sizes due to missing values on the food outcomes