Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Results of the GEE analyzing for the effect of catastrophic health expenditure on EQ-VAS

From: The relationship between catastrophic health expenditure and health-related quality of life

Variables EQ-VAS
β S.E p-value
Catastrophic health expenditure
 Yes −1.34 0.54 0.013
 No Ref.   
Sex
 Male Ref.   
 Female −0.99 0.25 0.000
Age
 19~ 29 Ref.   
 30~ 39 − 0.46 0.53 0.384
 40~ 49 0.44 0.51 0.387
 50~ 59 −0.26 0.56 0.642
 60~ 69 −0.45 0.61 0.459
 70+ −1.72 0.67 0.010
Education level
 Elementary or below −2.40 0.45 <.001
 Middle/high school −0.75 0.29 0.010
 College or above Ref.   
Economic status
 Employed Ref.   
 Unemployed 0.44 0.26 0.099
Income
 Low −3.26 0.48 <.001
 Middle-low −1.69 0.36 <.001
 Middle −1.75 0.34 <.001
 Middle-high −0.94 0.31 0.002
 High Ref.   
Health insurance type
 Health insurance Ref.   
 Medical aid −2.03 0.67 0.002
Family constitution
 Living alone 0.91 0.51 0.073
 Couple Ref.   
 Couple with children −1.19 0.36 0.001
 More −1.80 0.40 <.001
Number of chronic disease
 0 Ref.   
 1 −1.16 0.32 <.001
 2 −1.82 0.38 <.001
 3+ −3.11 0.36 <.001
Disability
 Absent Ref.   
 Present −1.96 0.52 <.001
Perceive health status
 Good Ref.   
 Bad −14.90 0.37 <.001
Depression mood
 Present −7.07 0.46 <.001
 Absent Ref.   
Year
 2012 Ref.   
 2013 −0.83 0.18 <.001