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Table 3 Difference in multimorbidity, assistive devices, self-rated health by explanatory variables

From: Subjective health status of multimorbidity: verifying the mediating effects of medical and assistive devices

Variables 2011–2013
Multimorbiditya Assistive devicesb Subjective Health Statusc
No Yes
Sex Female 1.59 (1.27) 5443 (94.07) 343 (5.93) 2.77 (0.82)
Male 1.27 (1.23) 4448 (93.64) 302 (6.36) 2.59 (0.81)
Marital status Single 0.42 (0.77) 1596 (93.66) 108 (6.34) 2.34 (0.75)
Married 1.52 (1.24) 7033 (93.74) 470 (6.26) 2.70 (0.79)
Etc.(divorced, widowed) 2.32 (1.04) 1262 (94.96) 67 (5.04) 3.03 (0.89)
Education Under elem. 2.43 (0.92) 2262 (94.60) 129 (5.40) 3.09 (0.86)
High school 1.35 (1.24) 4761 (94.02) 303 (5.98) 2.62 (0.78)
Over univ. 0.83 (1.05) 2864 (93.11) 212 (6.89) 2.48 (0.73)
Household income Quantile 1 2.25 (1.10) 1486 (94.05) 94 (5.95) 3.05 (0.90)
Quantile 2 1.66 (1.27) 2025 (94.54) 117 (5.46) 2.81 (0.82)
Quantile 3 1.29 (1.24) 2196 (93.97) 141 (6.03) 2.65 (0.79)
Quantile 4 1.14 (1.18) 2138 (93.94) 138 (6.06) 2.56 (0.76)
Quantile 5 1.13 (1.16) 2046 (92.96) 155 (7.04) 2.47 (0.75)
Economic activity No 1.77 (1.27) 3917 (93.20) 286 (6.80) 2.81 (0.90)
Yes 1.23 (1.21) 5974 (94.33) 359 (5.67) 2.60 (0.76)
Insurance Assistance 2.41 (1.03) 441 (94.23) 27 (5.77) 3.27 (0.96)
NHI 1.40 (1.25) 9450 (93.86) 618 (6.14) 2.66 (0.80)
Disability No 1.38 (1.25) 9230 (94.00) 589 (6.00) 2.65 (0.80)
Yes 2.34 (1.01) 661 (92.19) 56 (7.81) 3.16 (0.93)
  1. Note: aMean (SD), bFrequency (ratio), cMean (SD)