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Table 2 General characteristics of research participants, Unit: n (%)

From: Subjective health status of multimorbidity: verifying the mediating effects of medical and assistive devices

Variables Year
2011 2012 2013
MCD 0 4479 (38.10) 4101 (37.22) 3627 (34.42)
1 2310 (19.65) 2170 (19.70) 2058 (19.53)
2 1638 (13.93) 1470 (13.34) 1414 (13.42)
3+ 3328 (28.31) 3277 (29.74) 3437 (32.62)
SHS Continuous 2.64 (0.86) 2.67 (0.86) 2.69 (0.82)
MD No 11,216 (95.41) 10,547 (95.73) 9891 (93.88)
Yes 539 (4.59) 471 (4.27) 645 (6.12)
Sex Female 6447 (54.84) 6042 (54.84) 5786 (54.92)
Male 5308 (45.16) 4976 (45.16) 4750 (45.08)
Age   51.03 (16.49) 51.91 (16.67) 52.54 (16.98)
Marital status Single 1892 (16.10) 1764 (16.01) 1704 (16.17)
Married 8461 (71.98) 7896 (71.66) 7503 (71.21)
Etc.(divorced, widowed) 1402 (11.93) 1358 (12.33) 1329 (12.61)
Education Under elem. 2659 (22.62) 2510 (22.78) 2391 (22.70)
High school 5709 (48.57) 5319 (48.28) 5064 (48.09)
Over univ. 3387 (28.81) 3189 (28.94) 3076 (29.21)
Household income Quantile 1 1712 (14.56) 1627 (14.77) 1580 (15.00)
Quantile 2 2235 (19.01) 2178 (19.77) 2142 (20.33)
Quantile 3 2655 (22.59) 2434 (22.09) 2337 (22.18)
Quantile 4 2573 (21.89) 2386 (21.66) 2276 (21.60)
Quantile 5 2580 (21.95) 2393 (21.72) 2201 (20.89)
Economic activity No 4719 (40.14) 4357 (39.54) 4203 (39.89)
Yes 7036 (59.86) 6661 (60.46) 6333 (60.11)
Insurance Assistance 570 (4.85) 516 (4.68) 468 (4.44)
NHI 1185 (95.15) 10,502 (95.32) 10,068 (95.56)
Disability No 11,004 (93.61) 10,299 (93.47) 9819 (93.19)
Yes 751 (6.39) 719 (6.53) 717 (6.81)
Total 11,755 (100.0) 11,018 (100.0) 10,536 (100.0)
  1. MCD Multimorbidity, SHS Subjective Health Status, MD Medical Device