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Table 3 Percentage of self-rated health among different groups (%)

From: Regional differences and determinants of self-rated health in a lower middle income rural Society of China

Characteristic Southern region Central region Northern region
Poorest Poor Good Best Poorest Poor Good Best Poorest Poor Good Best
Gender Male 21.27** 20.48 26.84 31.41 25.19 20.00 25.19 29.62 46.25 20.75 16.50 16.50
Female 27.09 22.37 27.76 22.78 26.08 22.11 25.06 26.76 48.98 21.51 15.55 13.95
Age(y) 15~ 10.86** 16.00 31.14 42.00 10.54** 16.97 27.76 44.73 25.35** 16.90 22.54 35.21
45~ 18.18 23.58 28.13 30.11 21.75 25.56 25.34 27.35 42.66 21.33 19.58 16.43
55~ 35.85 24.53 23.40 16.23 33.14 18.44 25.65 22.77 51.12 24.25 14.55 10.07
65~ 39.93 23.38 25.54 11.15 40.00 23.10 21.41 15.49 65.11 21.50 9.35 4.05
Education No education 35.34** 24.74 26.40 13.51 36.64** 21.37 23.51 18.47 57.07** 21.55 12.90 8.48
Primary school 28.45 22.99 25.86 22.70 22.50 24.25 24.50 28.75 44.24 22.30 16.55 16.91
Middle school or higher 9.38 16.83 29.81 43.99 13.51 18.50 27.65 40.33 31.15 19.26 22.13 27.46
Employment status Subsistence farmers 28.87** 23.38 27.32 20.42 29.53** 22.79 24.41 23.27 47.91** 22.69 16.19 13.22
Others 19.25 19.25 27.48 34.02 17.36 17.77 26.65 38.22 48.33 13.89 14.44 23.33
Marital status Married 22.77** 21.65 27.84 27.74 24.39** 21.08 25.50 29.03 46.23** 21.34 16.27 16.16
Others 36.52 21.35 24.72 17.42 35.56 22.22 22.22 20.00 57.86 20.75 13.84 7.55
Income Q1 (~ 25%) 45.66** 21.86 21.22 11.25 40.38** 22.22 20.05 17.34 65.09** 18.18 12.00 4.73
Q2 23.30 25.89 26.86 23.95 28.53 22.01 24.73 24.73 49.65 25.18 13.83 11.35
Q3 16.61 20.27 30.56 32.56 19.47 20.43 25.96 34.13 42.52 21.65 17.32 18.50
Q4(75%~) 12.94 19.09 30.74 37.22 16.09 19.84 29.22 34.85 34.19 19.85 20.59 25.37
Household composition Parents and children 17.15** 20.84 25.07 36.94 17.37** 21.84 23.33 37.47 35.19** 17.59 18.52 28.70
Three generations 20.16 19.75 28.40 31.69 21.67 20.00 29.05 29.29 36.97 20.61 18.79 23.64
Elderly and children 25.00 20.83 31.94 22.22 30.00 17.69 20.00 32.31 44.08 27.63 15.13 13.16
Only elderly 31.93 23.30 27.89 16.88 33.80 22.01 24.78 19.41 57.07 21.20 14.31 7.43
Others 33.33 0.00 33.33 33.33 0.00 57.14 14.29 28.57 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Medical insurance NRCMs 24.68** 22.87 27.22 25.23 26.05 20.84 25.03 28.08 48.00** 21.40 15.91 14.70
Other medical insurances 20.41 14.29 26.53 38.78 18.18 29.55 25.00 27.27 37.50 0.00 12.50 50.00
No medical insurance 35.56 6.67 33.33 24.44 13.33 33.33 33.33 20.00 60.00 20.00 20.00 0.00
Social support Q1 (~ 25%) 38.06** 21.67 24.44 15.83 35.42** 21.30 21.30 21.99 61.09** 19.94 10.93 8.04
Q2 26.86 24.03 26.50 22.61 26.97 21.72 23.63 27.68 48.03 23.03 16.12 12.83
Q3 18.55 22.01 29.56 29.87 20.96 20.40 25.21 33.43 42.11 26.32 16.12 15.46
Q4(75%~) 12.68 18.66 29.58 39.08 16.52 21.32 31.83 30.33 34.32 11.24 24.26 30.18
Chronic disease No 11.95** 17.99 31.12 38.94 11.58** 16.78 27.96 43.68 25.11** 22.49 24.24 28.17
Yes 40.04 25.93 22.93 11.11 39.19 25.45 22.39 12.98 64.60 20.32 9.84 5.24
Clinic visit No 13.29** 18.88 30.91 36.92 15.07** 18.65 28.13 38.15 24.19** 22.56 24.42 28.84
Yes 40.46 25.43 22.93 11.18 42.96 25.60 19.93 11.51 63.88 20.16 10.39 5.58
Hospitalization No 20.55** 22.11 28.99 28.35 22.63** 21.09 26.01 30.27 42.89** 21.98 18.40 16.73
Yes 56.25 18.06 16.67 9.03 50.30 22.49 17.16 10.06 65.84 18.52 7.41 8.23
Active exercise No 25.30 21.38 28.38 24.94 27.73** 21.04 24.47 26.75 46.59 21.34 16.92 15.15
Yes 23.39 22.37 25.96 28.28 17.28 21.93 27.24 33.55 51.92 20.91 13.24 13.94
Smoke No 26.27** 22.95 27.00 23.78 27.14** 21.78 24.54 26.55 50.17** 21.82 15.06 12.96
Yes 19.12 16.91 29.41 34.56 20.30 19.70 26.57 33.43 37.29 18.08 20.34 24.29
Drink No 27.25** 22.38 26.74 23.63 29.14** 21.07 24.13 25.66 50.43** 22.49 14.39 12.69
< 3 times/week 16.48 20.88 19.78 42.86 8.27 20.30 27.07 44.36 35.71 10.71 28.57 25.00
≥3 times/week 15.87 17.99 34.39 31.75 18.06 22.47 29.07 30.40 30.85 14.89 23.40 30.85
Region**   24.74 21.61 27.39 26.27 25.70 21.21 25.11 27.98 47.98 21.23 15.90 14.89
  1. *significant difference among groups at P < 0.05 level; **significant difference among groups at P < 0.01 level