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Table 3 Coding framework and steps of analysis

From: Gendered norms of responsibility: reflections on accountability politics in maternal health care in Malawi

Main code Description (step 3) Gender analysis (step 4) Actor analysis (step 5)
 1. Formulation of by-laws Identifiable rules - official, legal or widely known or reported (written and unwritten) regarding expected and sanctioned behaviour. Rules about gender within the by-laws (how are the responsibilities of women and men formulated; what are the defined sanctions for women and men?). Who participates, who develops the content of the by-laws, who enforces?
 2. Interpretation of by-laws Perceptions about the objectives and appropriateness of the by-laws. Perceptions about gender roles and responsibilities in maternal health care; perceptions about the by-laws as a tool to correct behaviour in maternal health care. Who confirms, accepts, questions the rules; how are actors positioned in the gender hierarchy? The interaction in FGDs was analysed separately (what topics produced consensus or conflict; whose interests were being represented; was a particular member silenced?).
 3. Implementation and effect of by-laws Evidence of implementation (issuance of sanctions) and its effects on the actors involved. The gendered implementation and effects of the by-laws. Analysing specific accounts: to whom and under which circumstances is the by-law applied; what were decisions involved and who made the decisions; who is affected by the application of the by-law and how?