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Table 3 Multilevel modelling estimates of the association between conflict and maternal care usage by maternal residence

From: Associations of acute conflict with equity in maternal healthcare: an uncontrolled before-and-after analysis of Egypt demographic and health survey data

Period Rural
(n = 3188)
Urban
(n = 2254)
Wald
p value#
ORa (95% CI) ORa (95% CI)
4+ ANC visits
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.36
 Peri 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 1.01 (0.99–1.03)  
ANC received from a government provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.01
 Peri 0.99***(0.98–0.99) 0.99 (0.96–1.01)  
ANC received from a doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.83
 Peri 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 1.01 (0.99–1.03)  
Delivery by skilled provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.02*** (1.02–1.03) 1.00 (0.99–1.01)  
Delivery by doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.03*** (1.02–1.04) 1.01 (0.98–1.04)  
Delivery in a public institution
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.03
 Peri 1.00 (0.98–1.01) 0.97* (0.95–0.99)  
Any PNC
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.53
 Peri 1.01 (0.97–1.04) 1.01 (0.99–1.03)  
  1. a Multilevel modelling estimates adjusted for education, residence, child gender, household wealth status, currently working status and birth order; * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001; sample size is pre-conflict 2569 and peri-conflict 4641;# joint interaction term explaining the effect of conflict on outcome variable between strata