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Table 2 Multilevel modelling estimates of the association between conflict and maternal care usage by maternal age

From: Associations of acute conflict with equity in maternal healthcare: an uncontrolled before-and-after analysis of Egypt demographic and health survey data

Period < 25 years
(n = 457)
25–29 years
(n = 1749)
30–34 years
(n = 1704)
> 35
(n = 1532)
Wald p value#
ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI) ORa (95%CI)
4+ ANC visits
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.48
 Peri 1.00 (0.92–1.09) 1.00 (0.94–1.06) 1.02 (0.99–1.05) 1.00 (0.95–1.05)  
ANC from a government provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.003
 Peri 0.91*(0.83–0.99) 0.96 (0.93–1.00) 1.01* (1.00–1.02) 0.98 (0.95–1.02)  
ANC from a doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) < 0.001
 Peri 1.09* (0.95–1.25) 1.04 (0.96–1.12) 0.97 (0.94–1.01) 0.99 (0.98–1.01)  
Delivery by skilled provider
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.70
 Peri 0.99 (0.92–1.07) 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 1.01 (0.99–1.03) 1.02 (0.99–1.04)  
Delivery by doctor
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.94
 Peri 0.96 (0.87–1.06) 1.02 (0.99–1.06) 1.02 (0.98–1.04) 1.03*(1.00–1.06)  
Delivery in public institution
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.01
 Peri 0.93*(0.87–0.99) 0.99 (0.95–1.03) 1 (0.96–1.04) 0.99 (0.96–1.02)  
Any PNC
 Pre 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 1.00 (Reference) 0.02
 Peri 0.98 (0.87–1.11) 0.92***(0.88–0.96) 1.03 (0.99–1.08) 1.05 (0.99–1.11)  
  1. a Multilevel modelling estimates adjusted for education, residence, child gender, household wealth status, currently working status and birth order; * < 0.05; ** < 0.01; *** < 0.001; sample size is pre-conflict 2569 and peri-conflict 4641;# joint interaction term explaining the effect of conflict on outcome variable between strata