Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 General description of the study sample (in percentages, means, 95% CI and SD), men and women

From: Time spent on work-related activities, social activities and time pressure as intermediary determinants of health disparities among elderly women and men in 5 European countries: a structural equation model

  Men (n = 11,168) Women (n = 14,295)
Mean/ % SD (95% CI) Mean/ % SD (95% CI)
Self-reported health
 Poor 15.1   (14.4–15.8) 20.5   (19.9–21.1)
 Fair 44.5   (43.6–45.4) 47.0   (46.1–47.8)
 Good 32.5   (31.7–33.4) 26.1   (25.4–26.9)
 Very good 7.9   (7.4–8.4) 6.4   (5.9–6.8)
Stress
 Almost never 70.7   (69.8–71.5) 58.3   (57.5–59.1)
 Sometimes 23.3   (22.5–24.1) 31.7   (30.9–32.4)
 Often 6.0   (5.5–6.4) 10.0   (9.4–10.4)
Sociodemographic & economic factors
 Age 72.40 5.01   73.06 5.13  
  65–69 35.3   (34.3–36.1) 31.0   (30.2–31.7)
  70–74 29.0   (28.1–29.7) 27.7   (26.9–28.4)
  75–79 20.2   (19.4–20.9) 20.8   (20.1–21.5)
  80+ 15.6   (14.9–16.3) 20.5   (19.8–21.1)
 Marital Status
  Single/widowed 20.2   (19.4–20.9) 52.9   (52.1–53.7)
  Married/Cohabiting 79.9   (79.0–80.5) 47.1   (46.2–47.8)
 Education
  Incomplete Sec. or less 60.9   (60.0–61.8) 73.3   (72.6–74.0)
  Secondary completed 28.0   (27.1–28.8) 21.4   (20.7–22.1)
  Tertiary Completed or above 11.1   (10.4–11.6) 5.2   (4.8–5.6)
 Wealth
  Car ownership 2.46 1.45   1.84 1.61  
  No car 24.1   (23.3–24.9) 41.6   (40.7–42.4)
  1 car 52.5   (51.5–53.4) 39.4   (38.6–40.2)
  2+ cars 23.4   (22.5–24.1) 19.0   (18.3–19.6)
 Employment Status
  Not working for pay 94.9   (94.4–95.2) 98.1   (97.8–98.2)
  Currently in paid employment 5.1   (4.7–5.5) 1.9   (1.7–2.1)
Time use Activities
 Paid work hours/day 0.26 1.36   0.08 0.71  
  0 h 94.9   (94.5–95.3) 98.1   (97.8–98.3)
  > 0 h 5.1   (4.6–5.4) 1.9   (1.6–2.1)
 House work hours/day 2.82 2.51   4.85 2.63  
  Less than 1 h 29.2   (28.3–30.0) 9.0   (8.5–9.4)
  1 to 3 h 27.9   (27.0–28.7) 14.4   (13.8–14.9)
  3 to 6 h 31.4   (30.4–32.2) 44.5   43.7–45.3)
  > 6 h 11.6   (10.9–12.1) 32.1   (31.2–32.8)
 Social activities hours/day 1.21 1.83   1.10 1.68  
  Less than 2 h 76.2   (75.4–77.0) 79.0   (78.2–79.6)
  2 to 4 h 16.6   (15.9–17.2) 15.2   (14.6–15.8)
  > 4 h 7.2   (6.7–7.6) 5.8   (5.4–6.2)