Skip to main content

Table 5 Robust Check: Estimated Marginal Effects by Place of Residence

From: Place of residence & financial hardship: the situation of people with spinal cord injury

  Language region Statistical region Canton
Personal/family characteristics:
 sex: male 0.055 0.050 0.050
(0.032) (0.033) (0.034)
 age 0.016* 0.016* 0.016*
(0.007) (0.007) (0.007)
 ageb −0.000* − 0.000* − 0.000*
(0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
 nationality: Swiss −0.027 − 0.031 − 0.035
(0.053) (0.055) (0.055)
 health quality −0.075*** −0.075*** − 0.078***
(0.014) (0.014) (0.015)
 SCI type: paraplegia 0.026 0.014 0.017
(0.030) (0.031) (0.031)
 SCI cause: traumatic −0.089** −0.095** − 0.094**
(0.034) (0.035) (0.035)
 has a partner 0.055 0.047 0.042
(0.031) (0.032) (0.032)
 children in the household 0.080* 0.079* 0.085*
(0.035) (0.037) (0.037)
Spoken language:a
 German −0.012 0.017 0.071
(0.115) (0.114) (0.113)
 French −0.108 − 0.098 − 0.058
(0.119) (0.117) (0.117)
Education level:b
 vocational 0.036 0.018 0.016
(0.054) (0.057) (0.057)
 secondary 0.013 −0.004 −0.011
(0.053) (0.056) (0.056)
 university 0.099 0.081 0.070
(0.061) (0.063) (0.064)
Occupational situation:
 full-time job 0.049 0.097 0.076
(0.093) (0.096) (0.090)
 part-time job 0.090 0.136 0.120
(0.094) (0.097) (0.091)
 in education −0.003 0.016 0.010
(0.074) (0.076) (0.078)
 unpaid work 0.028 0.043 0.023
(0.083) (0.089) (0.090)
 unemployed 0.197** 0.205* 0.200*
(0.071) (0.080) (0.079)
 homemaker −0.072 −0.084 −0.073
(0.041) (0.043) (0.044)
 invalidity pension −0.012 − 0.048 − 0.028
(0.093) (0.096) (0.090)
 retired 0.002 −0.017 −0.026
(0.051) (0.053) (0.054)
 other activity 0.149* 0.156* 0.152*
(0.066) (0.068) (0.065)
 household income −0.110*** −0.110*** − 0.110***
(0.010) (0.010) (0.010)
Place of residence:
 French-speaking region 0.057   
(0.057)   
 Italian-speaking region −0.059   
(0.130)   
 Lake Geneva 0.138*  
(0.060)  
 Espace Mittelland 0.057  
(0.046)  
 Zurich 0.048  
(0.052)  
 Eastern Switzerland 0.085  
(0.052)  
 Central Switzerland 0.055  
(0.053)  
 Ticino 0.003  
(0.133)  
 AG: Aargau   0.213
  (0.158)
 BE: Bern   0.277
  (0.156)
 BL: Basel-Landschaft   0.191
  (0.161)
 BS: Basel-Stadt   0.139
  (0.175)
 FR: Fribourg   0.208
  (0.175)
 GE: Geneva   0.385*
  (0.182)
 GR: Graubunden   0.386*
  (0.171)
 JU: Jura   0.216
  (0.203)
 LU: Lucerne   0.272
  (0.159)
 NE: Neuchatel   0.364
  (0.192)
 SG: St. Gallen   0.194
  (0.165)
 SO: Solothurn   0.155
  (0.171)
 SZ: Schwyz   0.291
  (0.179)
 TG: Thurgau   0.329*
  (0.164)
 TI: Ticino   0.243
  (0.196)
 VD: Vaud   0.343*
  (0.170)
 VS: Valais   0.320
  (0.166)
 ZH: Zurich   0.241
  (0.156)
Observations 1300 1233 1233
  1. Robust standard errors in parenthesis
  2. For discrete variables, the marginal effects should be interpreted respect to the reference group:
  3. aGerman is the reference group
  4. bCompulsory education is the reference group
  5. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001