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Table 1 Socio-demographic descriptors of respondents who self-reported oral health problems in year prior, adults aged 50 years and over in China, Ghana, and India, 2007-2010a

From: Socioeconomic inequality in self-reported unmet need for oral health services in adults aged 50 years and over in China, Ghana, and India

   China (1591) Ghana (425) India (1307)
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex Male 725 (47.85) 218 (54.20) 614 (48.23)
Female 866 (52.15) 207 (45.80) 693 (51.77)
Age (years) 50–59 508 (34.50) 149 (36.75) 452 (39.74)
60–69 491 (32.79) 109 (25.04) 455 (32.51)
70–79 437 (24.54) 111 (25.99) 285 (20.63)
80+ 155 (08.16) 56 (12.22) 115 (07.11)
Residence Urban 606 (37.73) 162 (37.06) 285 (27.30)
Rural 985 (62.27) 263 (62.94) 1022 (72.70)
Marital status Never married 13 (01.08) 3 (00.95) 16 (00.93)
Married/cohabiting 1241 (80.77) 224 (57.13) 870 (70.93)
Divorced/separated 337 (18.15) 198 (41.92) 421 (28.14)
Household wealth (quintiles) 1 (Highest) 242 (16.40) 81 (19.24) 273 (22.79)
2 297 (21.21) 88 (21.59) 253 (17.95)
3 323 (22.13) 84 (21.37) 260 (20.32)
4 330 (19.97) 78 (16.86) 270 (18.68)
5 (Lowest) 399 (20.29) 94 (20.94) 251 (20.26)
Education University 58 (03.43) 13 (03.20) 36 (03.56)
Secondary 351 (22.50) 91 (21.56) 190 (17.22)
Primary 631 (41.93) 81 (20.71) 343 (25.90)
No-school 551 (32.14) 240 (54.53) 738 (53.33)
Work status Never worked 126 (06.61) 1 (00.17) 381 (26.83)
Current worker 681 (45.34) 281 (67.13) 447 (37.73)
Non-current worker 784 (48.06) 143 (32.70) 479 (35.44)
Self-rated health Good 377 (25.27) 140 (34.39) 260 (23.10)
Moderate 715 (43.15) 170 (39.90) 642 (46.01)
Bad 499 (31.58) 115 (25.71) 405 (30.89)
  1. aData source – WHO Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). [n (%)] Absolute number and weighted percent