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Table 3 Decomposition of income-related inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors in women aged 40- and 50-years old in 2008-2010 in Northern Sweden (N=5262)

From: Decomposition of gendered income-related inequalities in multiple biological cardiovascular risk factors in a middle-aged population

  BMI Abdominal Obesity Cholesterol Triglycerides Hyperglycemia Blood pressure HDL levels LDL levels
Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj % Cont to C Adj %
Demographic variables                 
 Age 0.0005 0.0 0.0133 0.0 0.0545 0.0 0.0137 0.0 0.0090 0.0 0.0537 0.0 -0.0187 10.4 0.0544 0.0
  40 yrs                 
  50 yrs 0.0005   0.0133   0.0545   0.0137   0.0090   0.0537   -0.0187 10.4 0.0544  
 Year of participation 0.0045 0.3 0.0030 0.2 0.0106 1.0 0.0012 0.6 0.0004 0.3 0.0006 0.0 -0.0179 12.4 0.0024 0.4
  2008                 
  2009 -0.0007 0.3 -0.0002 0.2 -0.0012 1.0 -0.0011 0.6 -0.0003 0.3 0.0003   0.0044   -0.0006 0.4
  2010 0.0051   0.0033   0.0118   0.0023   0.0007   0.0003   -0.0223 12.4 0.0030  
 Subtotal 0.0050 0.3 0.0163 0.2 0.0651 1.0 0.0149 0.6 0.0094 0.3 0.0543 0.0 -0.0366 22.8 0.0568 0.4
Socioeconomic conditions                
Total earned income -0.1007 49.4 -0.0544 47.3 -0.0373 30.6 -0.0791 40.7 -0.0189 30.3 0.0119 13.0 -0.0413 23.0 -0.0765 49.1
 Lowest quintile -0.0687 33.7 -0.0499 36.9 -0.0305 24.9 -0.0622 32.0 -0.0221 19.1 0.0185   -0.0361 20.1 -0.0499 32.1
 2 -0.0276 13.5 -0.0140 10.4 -0.0019 1.5 -0.0135 7.0 -0.0128 11.1 0.0107   -0.0044 2.4 -0.0139 8.9
 3 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000   0.0000 0.0 -0.0001 0.1 0.0000   0.0000   0.0001  
 4 -0.0045 2.2 0.0095   -0.0050 4.1 -0.0034 1.7 0.0160   -0.0172 13.0 -0.0008 0.5 -0.0127 8.1
 Highest quintile                 
Education level -0.0193 12.1 -0.0188 15.8 -0.0450 41.0 -0.0559 32.0 -0.0088 7.8 -0.0048 6.4 -0.0401 24.3 -0.0405 26.3
 Compulsory education up to 9 yrs -0.0069 3.4 -0.0058 4.3 -0.0107 8.7 -0.0197 10.1 -0.0006 0.5 -0.0058 4.4 -0.0156 8.7 -0.0099 6.4
 Secondary education up to 2 yrs -0.0147 7.2 -0.0146 10.8 -0.0351 28.7 -0.0382 19.6 -0.0080 7.0 -0.0018 1.3 -0.0231 12.9 -0.0274 17.6
 Secondary education 3 yrs -0.0031 1.5 -0.0010 0.7 -0.0043 3.5 -0.0044 2.3 0.0002   -0.0010 0.7 -0.0049 2.7 -0.0037 2.4
 Post-secondary less than 3 yrs 0.0054   0.0025   0.0051   0.0063   -0.0004 0.4 0.0037   0.0035   0.0006  
 Post-secondary 3 yrs or more and postgraduate                 
Occupation -0.0201 9.8 -0.0164 12.2 0.0145 4.1 0.0007 3.4 -0.0219 19.2 -0.0583 47.3 -0.0128 7.6 0.0025 2.3
 Managers & Upper professionals                 
 Middle non-manual -0.0015 0.7 -0.0006 0.5 -0.0051 4.1 -0.0033 1.7 0.0002   0.0041   0.0008   -0.0025 1.6
 Lower non-manual -0.0007 0.3 0.0001   0.0006   -0.0032 1.6 -0.0008 0.7 -0.0019 1.4 -0.0033 1.8 0.0016  
 Skilled manual -0.0069 3.4 -0.0105 7.8 0.0178   0.0022   -0.0085 7.4 -0.0389 29.4 -0.0057 3.2 -0.0011 0.7
 Unskilled manual -0.0110 5.4 -0.0054 4.0 0.0012   0.0050   -0.0128 11.1 -0.0217 16.4 -0.0046 2.5 0.0044  
Immigrant status -0.0005 0.2 0.0014   -0.0004 0.3 -0.0012 0.6 -0.0066 5.8 0.0069   0.0001   0.0014  
Subtotal -0.1406 71.6 -0.0882 75.3 -0.0682 76.0 -0.1356 76.7 -0.0563 63.1 -0.0444 66.7 -0.0940 54.8 -0.1130 77.7
Family conditions                 
Civil status -0.0045 2.2 -0.0013 1.1 0.0003 0.5 0.0006 0.1 -0.0027 2.4 -0.0032 2.5 -0.0008 0.6 -0.0005 0.5
 Unmarried                 
 Married -0.0041 2.0 -0.0011 0.8 0.0010   0.0009   -0.0023 2.0 -0.0029 2.2 -0.0005 0.3 0.0003  
 Divorced -0.0004 0.2 -0.0004 0.3 -0.0001 0.1 0.0000 0.0 -0.0003 0.3 -0.0003 0.2 0.0003   -0.0004 0.2
 Widowed 0.0000 0.0 0.0002   -0.0006 0.5 -0.0002 0.1 -0.0001 0.1 0.0000 0.0 -0.0005 0.3 -0.0004 0.3
Children in household 0.0026   0.0007   0.0047   0.0042   0.0019   0.0020   0.0006   0.0046  
Subtotal -0.0019 2.2 -0.0006 1.1 0.0050 0.5 0.0048 0.1 -0.0008 2.4 -0.0012 2.5 -0.0002 0.6 0.0041 0.5
Geographical area                 
 Coastal with hospital                 
 Coastal without hospital -0.0061 3.0 -0.0039 2.9 -0.0028 2.3 -0.0001 0.0 0.0024   0.0008   -0.0037 2.0 -0.0046 3.0
 Inland with hospital -0.0007 0.3 -0.0001 0.1 -0.0008 0.7 -0.0004 0.2 0.0002   -0.0023 1.7 0.0001   -0.0006 0.4
 Inland without hospital -0.0051 2.5 -0.0019 1.4 -0.0088 7.2 -0.0054 2.8 0.0033   -0.0024 1.8 -0.0004 0.2 -0.0025 1.6
 Other 0.0003   -0.0002 0.2 -0.0003 0.2 -0.0004 0.2 -0.0008 0.7 0.0003   -0.0002 0.1 -0.0011 0.7
Subtotal -0.0116 5.8 -0.0061 4.5 -0.0127 10.4 -0.0063 3.2 0.0051 0.7 -0.0035 3.5 -0.0042 2.4 -0.0088 5.6
Behavioural factors                 
Physical activity -0.0333 16.3 -0.0199 14.7 -0.0108 8.9 -0.0165 8.5 -0.0209 18.1 -0.0146 11.1 -0.0177 9.8 -0.0056 3.6
 Sedentary -0.0187 9.2 -0.0099 7.3 -0.0064 5.2 -0.0097 5.0 -0.0148 12.9 -0.0088 6.7 -0.0113 6.3 -0.0021 1.4
 Moderate activity -0.0147 7.2 -0.0100 7.4 -0.0044 3.6 -0.0068 3.5 -0.0060 5.2 -0.0058 4.4 -0.0064 3.5 -0.0034 2.2
 Physically active                 
Smoking -0.0004 0.3 -0.0005 0.5 -0.0025 2.3 -0.0101 5.3 -0.0026 2.3 0.0023 0.0 -0.0044 2.7 -0.0038 2.7
 Never smoked                 
 Former smokers 0.0001   0.0003   0.0003   0.0002   0.0001   0.0000   0.0005   0.0004  
 Current smokers -0.0005 0.3 -0.0007 0.5 -0.0028 2.3 -0.0102 5.3 -0.0027 2.3 0.0023   -0.0049 2.7 -0.0041 2.7
Snus 0.0006 0.0 0.0001 0.0 -0.0004 0.4 0.0002 0.0 0.0003 0.0 0.0004 0.2 0.0004 0.0 -0.0003 0.2
 Never used                 
 Former users 0.0004   0.0001   -0.0004 0.3 0.0002   0.0001   -0.0003 0.2 0.0000   -0.0003 0.2
 Current users 0.0002   0.0000   -0.0001 0.0 -0.0001 0.0 0.0001   0.0007   0.0003   0.0000 0.0
Alcohol disorder test 0.0000 0.0 0.0002 0.0 0.0000 0.0 0.0010 0.0 0.0004 0.0 0.0009 0.0 -0.0008 0.5 -0.0006 0.4
 Not at risk                 
 Probably risk alcohol consumption -0.0001 0.0 0.0002   0.0000 0.0 0.0009   0.0002   0.0009   -0.0008 0.5 -0.0006 0.4
 Probably alcohol dependence 0.0000   0.0000   0.0000   0.0001   0.0002   0.0000 0.0 0.0000 0.0 0.0000 0.0
Subtotal -0.0331 16.6 -0.0201 15.3 -0.0138 11.5 -0.0254 13.8 -0.0228 20.5 -0.0110 11.3 -0.0225 13.0 -0.0103 6.9
Psychosocial factors                 
Availability of social interaction 0.0094   0.0017   -0.0008 0.6 -0.0057 2.9 -0.0105 9.1 -0.0065 4.9 -0.0015 0.8 -0.0040 2.6
Availability of attachment -0.0016 0.8 -0.0018 1.3 0.0008   0.0059   0.0112   -0.0035 2.7 0.0019   0.0007  
Job strain -0.0027 2.7 -0.0014 2.3 0.0142 0.0 0.0052 2.6 -0.0030 3.9 -0.0017 8.4 0.0049 5.5 0.0075 6.3
 Low strain                 
 Passive 0.0025   0.0011   0.0063   -0.0049 2.5 -0.0037 3.2 0.0061   0.0101   0.0159  
 Active -0.0054 2.7 -0.0031 2.3 0.0074   0.0102   0.0016   -0.0111 8.4 -0.0100 5.5 -0.0098 6.3
 High strain 0.0002   0.0006   0.0005   -0.0001 0.1 -0.0008 0.7 0.0034   0.0047   0.0014  
Subtotal 0.0052 3.4 -0.0015 3.6 0.0142 0.6 0.0053 5.5 -0.0023 13.1 -0.0116 16.0 0.0053 6.4 0.0041 8.9
Inequality (total) -0.1850   -0.1421   -0.0767   -0.1683   -0.0876   -0.0021   -0.1479   -0.1410  
 Standard error 0.0192   0.0148   0.0266   0.0215   0.0205   0.0237   0.0208   0.0352  
 Residual -0.0080   -0.0419   -0.0664   -0.0261   -0.0199   0.0153   0.0043   -0.0739  
  1. BMI Body Mass Index, LDL Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, HDL High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, Cont to C Contribution to C, Adj % Adjusted percentage. Bold numbers indicate relative contribution per variable; relative contribution per group of variables (Subtotal); and significant (p<0.05) concentration indices (Inequality (total)