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Table 1 Description of four cases

From: The unintended consequences of combining equity measures with performance-based financing in Burkina Faso

Descriptors Facility 1 Facility 2 Facility 3 Facility 4
Intervention arm PBF3 PBF3 PBF1 PBF1
Initial performance Low High Low High
Type of facility CSPS, public, not-for-profit CSPS, public, not-for-profit CSPS, public, not-for-profit CSPS, public, not-for-profit
Healthcare workers 1 head nurse 1 head nurse 1 head nurse 1 head nurse
2 itinerant health workers* (IHW) 1 IHW 1 nurse 1 IHW
  1 auxiliary midwife 2 IHWs 1 auxiliary midwife
1 auxiliary midwife   1 midwife 4 trainees (temporary)
1 IHW volunteer   1 auxiliary midwife  
   3 trainees (temporary)  
Support staff 1 drug depot manager 1 drug depot manager 1 drug depot manager 1 drug depot manager
1 guard 1 guard 1 guard 1 guard
1 janitor 1 janitor 1 janitor 2 janitors
Number of villages in catchment area 5 8 22 6
Population in catchment area ~  8000 ~  3600 ~  11,000 ~  3700
Easy access to paved road No No Yes Yes
Ethnic majority Dagara Lobi Lobi Birifor, Djan
Number of indigents selected (coverage rate) 829 (10.4%) 566 (15.7%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Economic activities Agriculture Agriculture Agriculture Agriculture
Livestock farming Livestock farming Livestock farming Livestock farming
Production of local alcohol Production of local alcohol Production of local alcohol Production of local alcohol
Distinctive features Gardening during dry period High migration rate High migration rate  
  1. *Itinerant health workers are employees in charge of promoting health, hygiene, and vaccination, notably through household visits and community gatherings. In practice, they also deliver healthcare services due to the shortage of healthcare workers