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Table 2 Inequities in the utilization of antenatal care by different maternal characteristics

From: Inequity in the utilization of antenatal and delivery care in Yangon region, Myanmar: a cross-sectional study

  Q1 (%)
Poorest
Q2 (%) Q3 (%) Q4 (%) Q5 (%)
richest
Concentration Index (95% CI)
At least one antenatal visit
 Age
  <  20 years 2.8 5.6 4.0 3.3 2.0 0.04 (0.001,0.079)*
  20–34 years 71.7 72.2 73.8 75.3 78.4 0.01 (0.002,0.018)*
  ≥ 35 years 25.5 22.2 22.2 21.4 19.6 0.01 (-0.002,0.022)
 Education
  No formal school 12.4 8.3 4.0 2.7 1.3 0.02 (0.001,0.040)*
  Primary school 57.2 43.1 28.2 17.3 19.0 0.01 (-0.002,0.023)
  Middle school or above 30.4 48.6 67.8 80.0 79.7 0.01 (-0.002,0.010)
 No. of births
  1–2 62.1 72.9 71.1 82.7 85.0 0.01 (0.006,0.014)*
  > 2 37.9 27.1 28.9 17.3 15.0 0.01 (0.001,0.020)*
Early initiation of antenatal care
 Age       
  <  20 years 3.1 13.9 0.0 4.2 0.0 0.07 (−0.087,0.227)
  20–34 years 78.1 60.5 78.3 83.0 76.8 0.00 (−0.074,0.082)
  ≥ 35 years 18.8 25.6 21.7 12.8 23.2 0.00 (− 0.080,0.076)
 Education
  No formal school 9.4 11.6 2.2 4.3 1.8 0.00 (− 0.075,0.081)
  Primary school 60.9 41.9 32.6 23.4 12.5 0.02 (−0.039,0.079)
  Middle school and above 29.7 46.5 65.2 72.3 85.7 −0.01 (− 0.069,0.049)
 No. of births
  1–2 68.8 76.7 76.1 89.4 92.9 0.00 (−0.057,0.061)
  > 2 31.2 23.3 23.9 10.6 7.1 0.02 (0.001,0.040)*
At least four antenatal visits
 Age
  <  20 years 1.8 6.7 4.0 3.2 2.3 0.04 (−0.019,0.099)
  20–34 years 74.3 73.3 72.8 76.6 78.2 0.01 (-0.004,0.024)
  ≥ 35 years 23.9 20.0 23.2 20.2 19.5 0.02 (−0.019,0.059)
 Education
  No formal school 13.3 7.6 1.6 2.4 0.8 −0.04 (−0.138,0.058)
  Primary school 55.7 39.1 25.6 24.2 18.0 0.01 (−0.029,0.049)
  Middle school or above 31.0 53.3 72.8 81.4 81.2 0.01 (−0.009,0.030)
 No. of births
  1–2 64.6 74.3 74.4 87.9 85.0 0.02 (0.001,0.040)*
  > 2 35.4 25.7 25.6 12.1 15.0 0.00 (−0.057,0.061)
  1. Q Quintile
  2. CI Confidence Interval
  3. p < 0.05 *, p < 0.01 **, p < 0.001 ***