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Table 5 Determinants of coverage of ANC4+, facility-based delivery and PNC1

From: Inequities and their determinants in coverage of maternal health services in Burkina Faso

Variable Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
ANC4+ Facility based delivery PNC1
Coefficient Std Error Coefficient Std Error Coefficient Std Error
Household wealth Quintiles       
Poorest –Reference      
 2 0.0510 (0.0838) 0.2836* (0.1274) 0.0628 (0.0846)
 3 0.0678 (0.0845) 0.2789* (0.1287) 0.3710*** (0.0857)
 4 0.1292 (0.0850) 0.4542*** (0.1347) 0.3264*** (0.0863)
 Least poor 0.2108* (0.0859) 0.7819*** (0.1455) 0.5312*** (0.0882)
Literacy       
 Illiterate –Reference      
 literate 0.1199 (0.0638) 0.2665** (0.1140) 0.0905 (0.065)
Distance to catchment facility      
  ≤ 5 km –Reference       
  > 5 km −0.3382*** (0.0557) −1.0295*** (0.0900) −0.1598*** (0.0567)
Marital status       
 Married 0.3250* (0.1620) 0.3418 (0.2183) 0.1591 (0.0656)
Age (years)       
 15–20-Reference       
 21–29 0.1513 (0.0920) 0.1008 (0.1589) −0.2340* (0.0941)
 30–39 0.1768 (0.1098) 0.0800 (0.1842) −0.3084** (0.1121)
 40+ 0.1812 (0.1360) −0.2187 (0.2164) −0.4470*** (0.1389)
Parity       
 Parity = 1-Reference       
 Parity = 2–3 −0.1232 (0.1015) −0.6130*** (0.1808) −0.0419 (0.1043)
 Parity = ≥4 −0.1649* (0.1143) −0.7174*** (0.2015) −0.0446 (0.1173)
Religion       
 Christian-Reference       
 Muslim −0.1322* (0.0658) 0.0063 (0.1133) −0.0586 (0.0679)
 Other −0.0031 (0.0971) −0.3395** (0.1406) −0.2877** (0.1001)
Household Members       
 1–3-Reference       
 4–6 members −0.0546 (0.0957) 0.1808 (0.1568) 0.0418 (0.0981)
  ≥ 7 members −0.0390 (0.1079) 0.0543 (0.1764) −0.1532 (0.1104)
 _cons −0.4503* (0.1964) 2.6269*** (0.3143) 0.00727 (0.2094)
  /lnsig2u −1.9015 (0.3412) −0.3680 (0.3754) −1.3576 (0.3250)
 sigma_u 0.3865 (0.0659) 0.8319 (0.1562) 0.5072 (0.0824)
 rho 0.0434 (0.0141) 0.1738 (0.0539) 0.0725 (0.0219)
 LR ratio test of rho, chibar2(01) 150.65***   140.45***   327.62***  
 Wald chi2(19) 64.74***   223.60***   103.43***  
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. Standard errors in parenthesis