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Table 4 Logistic regression results: Odds ratio of NHIS coverage among adults aged 50 plus

From: Determinants of National Health Insurance enrolment in Ghana across the life course: Are the results consistent between surveys?

  SAGE GLSS
Odds Ratio 95% CI Odds Ratio 95% CI
Sex Male 1.00     1.00    
Female 1.16   0.94 1.44 1.91 *** 1.70 2.15
Marital Status Married 1.00     1.00    
Separated/Divorced 0.85   0.66 1.09 0.67 *** 0.54 0.81
Widowed 0.85   0.68 1.06 0.76 ** 0.64 0.89
Never married 0.50   0.24 1.06 0.36 *** 0.21 0.64
Education None 1.00     1.00    
Primary 1.40 * 1.06 1.86 1.36 *** 1.18 1.56
Secondary 1.29   0.98 1.70 1.72 *** 1.28 2.30
Tertiary 2.99 *** 1.75 5.12 2.43 *** 1.70 3.46
Age 50-59 1.00     1.00    
60-69 1.59 *** 1.33 1.90 1.48 *** 1.30 1.69
70 plus 2.92 *** 2.33 3.65 2.52 *** 2.16 2.94
Employment status Not employed in public sector 1.00     1.00    
Employed in public sector 1.80 ** 1.21 2.70 2.26 *** 1.48 3.43
Wealth Lower third 1.00     1.00    
Middle third 1.65 *** 1.28 2.13 1.93 *** 1.63 2.29
Upper third 2.72 *** 2.03 3.64 2.86 *** 2.23 3.67
Region Greater Accra 1.00     1.00    
Western 3.84 *** 2.33 6.33 2.08 *** 1.47 2.94
Central 1.90 * 1.08 3.34 1.30   0.91 1.85
Volta 2.79 *** 1.71 4.53 2.53 *** 1.81 3.52
Eastern 6.31 *** 3.88 10.25 2.92 *** 2.10 4.07
Ashanti 3.05 *** 1.88 4.96 2.89 *** 2.09 3.99
Brong Ahafo 6.80 *** 3.95 11.71 5.10 *** 3.64 7.16
Northern 3.41 *** 1.78 6.52 1.91 ** 1.30 2.80
Upper East 3.27 *** 1.70 6.29 6.02 *** 3.84 9.45
Upper West 6.42 *** 3.15 13.09 7.62 *** 4.92 11.82
Residence Rural 1.00     1.00    
Urban 1.16   0.88 1.54 1.25 * 1.04 1.49
N   4,216 9,504
  1. Source: SAGE 2007/2008, GLSS 2012/2013, *** p<0.001, ** p<0.01 * p<0.05