Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Comparison of the slope index of inequality for diabetes mellitus and its risk factors among males and females by different measures of socio economic statuses

From: Inequalities in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its risk factors in Sri Lanka: a lower middle income country

Morbidity / risk factor Individual Household Area
Education (95%CI) Occupation (95%CI) Income (95%CI) Social Status Index (95%CI) Unsatisfactory Basic Needs Index (95%CI)
Male
 Prevalence of diabetes mellitus 0.12 (0.01–0.22)* − 0.15 (− 0.2- -0.01)* 0.16 (0.05–0.27)* 0.02 (− 0.08–0.11) 0.08 (− 0.01–0.17)
 Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance 0.1 (− 0.01–0.21) − 0.2 (− 0.38- − 0.02)* 0.05 (− 0.08–0.17) -0.02 (− 0.13–0.09) 0.07 (− 0.03–0.18)
 High body mass index 0.35 (0.21–0.49)* − 0.31 (− 0.5- -0.13)* 0.25 (0.11–0.4)* 0.18 (0.05–0.31)* 0.27 (0.14–0.4)*
 High waist circumference 0.27 (0.15–0.38)* − 0.34 (− 0.5- -0.18)* 0.28 (0.16–0.39)* 0.13 (0.01–0.25)* 0.23 (0.12–0.34)*
 Family history of diabetes mellitus 0.17 (0.04–0.31)* 0.06 (− 0.15–0.27) 0.08 (− 0.06–0.21) 0.13 (0.02–0.25)* 0.27 (0.15–0.39)*
 Insufficient physical activity 0.02 (− 0.11–0.16) −0.20 (− 0.4–0.001) 0.09 (− 0.05–0.23) 0.001 (− 0.12–0.12) 0.36 (−0.08–0.16)
 Inadequate fruit intake −0.36 (− 0.49- -0.23)* 0.4 (0.18–0.61)* − 0.33 (− 0.47- -0.18)* − 0.25 (− 0.37- -0.13)* − 0.32 (− 0.44- -0.21)*
 Inappropriate sugar intake 0.01 (− 0.12–0.14) − 0.1 (− 0.31–0.1) 0.08 (− 0.07–0.022) 0.02 (− 0.11–0.14) 0.03 (−0.1–0.15)
 Smoking −0.18 (− 0.32- -0.03)* 0.34 (0.11–0.56)* − 0.17 (− 0.33- − 0.12)* -0.12 (− 0.25–0.01) 0.01 (− 0.12–0.15)
 Alcohol consumption 0.01 (− 0.13–0.16) 0.08 (− 0.14–0.29) 0.05 (− 0.1–0.2) −0.11 (− 0.23–0.1) −0.22 (− 0.34- -0.1)*
Female
 Prevalence of diabetes mellitus 0.14 (0.2–0.25)* − 0.34 (− 0.61- -0.07)* 0.13 (0.02–0.24)* 0.21 (0.11–0.31)* 0.29 (0.2–0.38)*
 Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance 0.01 (−0.12–0.15) 0.15 (− 0.13–0.43) 0.07 (− 0.07–0.21) 0.04 (− 0.07–0.15) 0.05 (− 0.06–0.16)
 High body mass index 0.37 (0.23–0.52)* − 0.54 (− 0.8–0.28) 0.23 (0.08–0.38)* 0.41 (0.29–0.52)* 0.5 (0.38–0.62)*
 High waist circumference 0.37 (0.22–0.51)* − 0.56 (− 0.81- -0.31)* 0.28 (0.13–0.43)* 0.35 (0.23–0.47)* 0.4 (0.28–0.53)*
 Family history of diabetes mellitus 0.15 (0.02–0.28)* − 0.43 (− 0.73- -0.12)* 0.09 (− 0.04–0.22) 0.17 (0.07–0.28)* 0.23 (0.12–0.33)*
 Insufficient physical activity − 0.03 (− 0.17–0.11) 0.22 (− 0.06–0.49) − 0.02 (− 0.15–0.11) − 0.13 (− 0.24- -0.03)* − 0.1 (− 0.21–0.02)
 Inadequate fruit intake − 0.14 (− 0.29–0.01) 0.28 (− 01–0.66) − 0.19 (− 0.34- -0.04)* − 0.23 (− 0.34- -0.12) −0.2 (− 0.33- -0.07)*
 Inappropriate sugar intake 0.05 (− 0.09–0.19) 0.22 (− 0.13–0.57) 0.01 (− 0.13–0.16) 0.09 (− 0.03–0.21) 0.57 (0.34–0.81)*
  1. *p < 0.05