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Table 2 Sociodemographic and health characteristics of a provincially representative sample from Shaanxi, 2008

From: Household income, income inequality, and health-related quality of life measured by the EQ-5D in Shaanxi, China: a cross-sectional study

Variable No. (%) EQ-5D index (weighted mean)
Regions
 Rural regions 5013 (46.4) 94.1***
 Urban regions 5780 (53.6) 96.0
Gender
 Men 5282 (48.9) 96.8***
 Women 5511 (51.1) 91.0
Age
 15–44 5540 (51.3) 98.0***
 45–64 3812 (35.3) 93.9
  ≥ 65 1441 (13.4) 81.1
Marital status
 Never married 1927 (17.9) 98.0***
 Currently married 7982 (74.0) 94.8
 Divorced/widowed 884 (8.2) 83.0
Education
 No more than high school 7380 (68.4) 93.4***
 Beyond high school 3413 (31.6) 98.2
Employment
 Employed 5941 (55.0) 96.1***
 Retired 1027 (9.5) 91.4
 Student 905 (8.4) 99.7
 Unemployed 2920 (27.1) 88.1
Social medical insurance
 None 1065 (14.9) 93.6***
 Social medical insurance in rural regions 6476 (60.0) 94.4
 Social medical insurance in urban regions 2497 (23.1) 96.1
 Free medical insurance 133 (1.2) 95.8
 Others 82 (0.8) 98.5
Chronic condition
 Yes 1828 (16.9) 80.6***
 No 8965 (83.1) 97.1
Income group, rural regions
 Low (below 60th percentile) 3005 (59.8) 93.2***
 High (60th and above) 2024 (40.2) 96.1
Income group, urban regions
 Low (below 60th percentile) 3536 (60.1) 95.5***
 High (60th and above) 2348 (39.9) 96.8
Income inequality, rural regions
 Moderate (below 60th percentile) 3499 (69.6) 95.8***
 High (60th and above) 1530 (30.4) 91.1
Income inequality, urban regions
 Moderate (below 60th percentile) 4232 (71.9) 97.3***
 High (60th and above) 1652 (28.1) 95.6
  1. ***P < 0.001