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Table 1 Health Service Experiences Mean Scores across four Cultural Sub-groups

From: Racial and cultural minority experiences and perceptions of health care provision in a mid-western region

Item Total (N = 106) Black/AA (N = 26) Latino(a) (N = 33) Asian (N = 15) Native Am (N = 32)  
   M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) F
Are you proud of your cultural heritage? 4.87 (.37) 4.96 (.20) 4.79 (.49) 4.67 (.49) 4.97 (.18) 3.65
Do you feel connected to your culture? 4.42 (.98) 4.58 (.99) 4.24 (.94) 4.20 (1.15) 4.56 (.95) 1.05
How important is your culture to your daily life? 4.26 (1.00) 4.35 (.89) 4.30 (.98) 3.53 (1.19) 4.50 (.88) 3.60
Do you think it is important for healthcare staff to know about different cultures? 2.95 (1.38) 4.85 (.37)a 4.55 (.62)a 3.87 (1.30)b 4.56 (.84)a 5.14*
Are you afraid to visit Western healthcare services? 1.42 (.94) 1.23 (.59) 1.24 (.71) 1.27 (.70) 1.84 (1.30) 3.27
How important is your culture to your healthcare visits? 2.65 (1.61) 2.50 (1.56) 2.58 (1.64) 1.80 (1.32) 3.25 (1.57) 3.18
Do you think it is important for healthcare services to hire staff from different cultural backgrounds? 4.22 (1.18) 4.46 (1.14)b 4.39 (.93)b 3.27 (1.53)a 4.28 (1.09)b 4.26*
How often do you see a health care professional from your own cultural background? 2.07 (1.17) 1.96 (1.08) 1.76 (1.03) 2.13 (1.06) 2.44 (1.36) 1.97
Do you feel that you are treated poorly by healthcare professionals because of your cultural background? 1.72 (.99) 1.81 (1.02) 1.42 (.87)a 1.27 (.70)a 2.16 (1.05)b 4.57*
Have you experienced racism from your healthcare provider? 1.41 (.86) 1.54 (1.03) 1.22 (.66) 1.07 (.26) 1.66 (1.00) 2.48
Would you prefer to see a health care professional from your own cultural background? 3.68 (1.29) 3.54 (1.30) 3.73 (1.21) 2.93 (1.22) 4.09 (1.28) 3.06
Are you satisfied with the healthcare treatment that you receive? 4.25 (.93) 4.35 (.75) 4.45 (.79) 4.47 (.74) 3.83 (1.18) 3.06
Do you have easy access to health services? 4.58 (1.03) 4.77 (.86) 4.67 (.92) 4.47 (1.25) 4.41 (1.16) 0.73
  1. N = 106; *p < .01. Means with different superscripts differ significantly (p < .05) within rows. Black/AA African American, Native Am Native American. Total sample refers to combined total of African American, Latino(a) American, Asian American and Native American participants