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Table 4 Associations between experience of multiple discriminations and health (odds ratio and mean difference)

From: Multiple forms of discrimination and relationships with health and wellbeing: findings from national cross-sectional surveys in Aotearoa/New Zealand

  Unadjusted Adjusted
Fair/poor self-rated health OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
 Racism only (R1) 1.41 1.06, 1.89 1.63 1.21, 2.21
 Racism plus one (R2) 1.94 1.34, 2.79 2.15 1.47, 3.19
 Racism 3+ (R3) 2.04 1.42, 2.90 2.39 1.57, 3.64
 No R, one other (D1) 1.78 1.28, 2.48 2.10 1.45, 3.04
 No R, two others (D2) 3.01 2.07, 4.36 3.89 2.60, 5.83
 No R, 3+ (D3) 2.67 1.72, 4.14 3.33 2.17, 5.09
Dissatisfied/very dissatisfied OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
 Racism only (R1) 1.79 1.35, 2.36 1.94 1.44, 2.61
 Racism plus one (R2) 2.21 1.37, 3.58 2.03 1.24, 3.32
 Racism 3+ (R3) 3.02 2.12, 4.31 2.74 1.89, 3.96
 No R, one other (D1) 2.66 2.07, 3.42 2.56 1.97, 3.33
 No R, two others (D2) 3.78 2.23, 6.39 3.87 2.18, 6.89
 No R, 3+ (D3) 4.18 2.66, 6.59 4.14 2.61, 6.57
Mental health Mean difference 95% CI Mean difference 95% CI
 Racism only (R1) −3.10 −4.35, −1.86 −3.16 −4.30, −2.02
 Racism plus one (R2) −5.30 −7.04, −3.57 −4.94 −6.66, −3.21
 Racism 3+ (R3) −6.55 −9.04, −4.05 −6.07 −8.50, −3.65
 No R, one other (D1) −4.23 −5.25, −3.21 −4.01 −5.00, −3.02
 No R, two others (D2) −6.36 −11.15, −1.58 −5.93 −10.38, −1.49
 No R, 3+ (D3) −11.76 − 14.56, −8.95 −11.33 − 14.02, −8.63