Skip to main content

Table 1 GSS participant characteristics by survey instance (2008, 2010, 2012)

From: Multiple forms of discrimination and relationships with health and wellbeing: findings from national cross-sectional surveys in Aotearoa/New Zealand

  Survey instance (GSS Year)
2008 2010 2012
n % n % n %
Total (n) 8721 100.0 8550 100.0 8462 100.0
Ethnicity
 Māori 972 11.1 947 11.1 1114 13.2
 Pacific 385 4.4 289 3.4 421 5.0
 Asian 540 6.2 571 6.7 647 7.6
 European/Other 6865 78.7 6779 79.3 6348 75.0
Age group
 15–24 958 11.0 912 10.7 935 11.0
 25–34 1277 14.6 1146 13.4 1217 14.4
 35–44 1690 19.4 1652 19.3 1467 17.3
 45–54 1547 17.7 1502 17.6 1519 18.0
 55–64 1317 15.1 1359 15.9 1379 16.3
 65–74 1021 11.7 1033 12.1 1074 12.7
 75+ 911 10.4 946 11.1 871 10.3
Gender
 F 4800 55.0 4773 55.8 4749 56.1
 M 3921 45.0 3777 44.2 3713 43.9
Education
 No secondary qualification 2296 26.3 2077 24.3 2041 24.1
 At least secondary qualification 6405 73.4 6459 75.5 6412 75.8
NZ Dep Quintiles
 1 1561 17.9 1518 17.8 1418 16.8
 2 1830 21.0 1784 20.9 1494 17.7
 3 1890 21.7 1874 21.9 1534 18.1
 4 1924 22.1 1898 22.2 2094 24.7
 5 1488 17.1 1449 16.9 1922 22.7
Self-rated health
 Poor/fair 1286 14.7 1287 15.1 1344 15.9
 Excellent/very good/good 7435 85.3 7260 84.9 7112 84.0
Life satisfaction
 [Very] dissatisfied 660 7.6 617 7.2 599 7.1
 [Very] satisfied/ No feeling either way 8050 92.3 7926 92.7 7856 92.8
SF-12 Mental Health
 Mean (95% CI) 8655 52.4 (52.2, 52.7) 8496 50.0 (49.7, 50.3) 8405 50.2 (49.9, 50.5)
Experience of discrimination
 No discrimination 7904 90.6 7694 90.0 7633 90.2
 Racism only (R1) 241 2.8 232 2.7 253 3.0
 Racism plus one (R2) 109 1.2 102 1.2 82 1.0
 Racism 3+ (R3+) 97 1.1 108 1.3 113 1.3
 No R, one other (D1) 242 2.8 282 3.3 262 3.1
 No R, 2 others (D2) 78 0.9 75 0.9 69 0.8
  No R, 3 + (D3+) 50 0.6 57 0.7 50 0.6