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Table 4 Healthcare costs (in dollar terms) by type of health insurance in middle-aged and elderly adults

From: Social health insurance, healthcare utilization, and costs in middle-aged and elderly community-dwelling adults in China

  Not covered by social health insurance UEMI URMI NCMI total Sign
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Medication costs (per month)
 Total 27.69 45.99 46.18 88.89 34.78 70.58 28.43 75.44 31.32 76.37 ***
 OOP 27.53 45.43 44.41 86.04 34.09 69.60 27.15 73.14 29.86 74.07 ***
Outpatient costs (per month)
 Total 19.59 112.73 63.75 649.14 61.86 685.73 43.25 1087.34 45.78 993.53 **
 OOP 17.66 98.67 37.53 619.90 36.78 381.37 26.21 247.90 27.60 323.72 *
Inpatient costs (per year)
 Total 165.51 1436.21 391.73 1787.08 235.41 1292.73 185.51 1013.36 214.04 1182.68 ***
 OOP 113.88 951.67 157.39 838.62 138.25 917.84 117.28 705.91 123.89 750.83 **
Dentist costs (per year)
 Total 12.35 51.68 26.62 106.15 15.32 57.84 11.39 66.85 13.62 72.27 ***
 OOP 12.34 51.67 24.24 101.02 15.24 57.69 11.04 58.44 13.02 65.29 ***
Total healthcare costs (per year)
 Total 559.63 2052.96 1482.58 8104.24 1227.89 8570.99 875.85 13,093.33 958.43 12,010.06 *
 OOP 482.58 1611.43 910.94 7421.37 831.08 4856.40 596.74 3262.60 644.77 4091.15 ***
  1. Not covered by social health insurance includes the middle-aged and elderly population who did not enroll in any social health insurance plan (including UEMI, URMI, or NCMI), but possibly have commercial health insurance. Calculations were weighted using individual sampling weights and adjusted for household and individual responses
  2. Note: *** implies p-value < 0.001, ** indicates p-value < 0.01, * implies p-value < 0.05