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Table 2 Expenditure inequalities among medical travelers

From: Evaluation of public subsidy for medical travel: does it protect against household impoverishment?

Indicator Income quintiles   p value (between quintiles)
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Overall
Total (N) 172 154 227 137 125 815  
Medical expenditure abroad (USD PPP) 670.4 (268.2,1566.8) 670.4 (257.4,1340.9) 603.4 (223.9,1633.8) 626.2 (205.2,1475) 536.3 (211.9,1340.9) 670.4 (243.4,1542) 0.952
Non-medical expenditure abroad (USD PPP) 2274.8 (1644.2,3111.8) 2516.8 (1794.8,4062.8) 2695.1 (1749.2,4026.6) 2449.8 (1652,3531.9) 2650.9 (1717.7,3763.8) 2481.9 (1711.6,3731.6) 0.025
OOP medical expenditure abroad (USD PPP) 321.1 (64,927.5) 293 (59,804.5) 272.2 (67,804.5) 348.6 (101.9914.5) 284.3 (73.7804.5) 295 (67,871.6) 0.984
Medical expenditure by government abroad (USD PPP) 0 (0,268.2) 0 (0,477.7) 0 (0,592.7) 0 (0,434.4) 0 (0,234.7) 0 (0,418.4) 0.963
Annual OOP household expenditure on health (USD PPP) 1158.5 (473,2536.6) 1151.8 (512.9,3261.3) 1224.2 (431.8,2781) 1469.6 (690.5,3137.6) 1627.8 (429.1,3727.6) 1311.4 (513.6,3118.9) 0.369
Annual OOP household expenditure on food (USD PPP) 3372.3 (2364,4890.2) 5127.5 (3248.9,6527.4) 5261.6 (3719.6,8165.9) 6259.2 (3856.3,8595) 8418 (5571.3,11,126.5) 5213.3 (3381.7,7571.9) < 0.001
Annual OOP household expenditure on non-food (USD PPP) 2543 (1527.3,4349.1) 3811.4 (2448.4,7327.2) 4081.6 (2677.7,8495.1) 5492.2 (2551.7,11,786.2) 4355.1 (2015.3,8887.3) 3810.8 (2174.2,7964.8) < 0.001
  1. Note: P values are from Kuskal-Wallis and Ranksum tests