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Table 2 Unadjusted means of total healthcare and healthcare service expenditures by HIV status

From: Trends in healthcare expenditure among people living with HIV/AIDS in the United States: evidence from 10 Years of nationally representative data

  HIV No HIV p-value
  Mean ($) 95% CI Mean ($) 95% CI  
Total Cost      
 2002/04 22,544 15,901–29,187 4,407 4,243–4,571 <0.001**
 2005/07 27,247 16,548–37,946 4,760 4,620–4,900 <0.001**
 2008/11 29,329 21,817–36,840 5,013 4,877–5,150 <0.001**
 Pooled sample 26,893 21,844–31,943 4,761 4,669–4,854 <0.001**
Inpatient      
 2002/04 3,874 575 –7,173 1,290 1,179–1,401 0.124
 2005/07 4,698 1,115–8,281 1,331 1,250 –1,412 0.065
 2008/11 4,162 290–8,034 1,358 1,275–1,441 0.154
 Pooled sample 4,252 2,028–6,476 1,330 1,277–1,384 0.010*
Office-based      
 2002/04 2,112 1,407–2,817 1,010 980–1,040 0.001**
 2005/07 2,410 929–3,891 1,156 1,112–1,199 0.095
 2008/11 3,214 2,012–4,415 1,249 1,213–1,285 0.001**
 Pooled sample 2,674 1,945–3,403 1,152 1,129–1,175 <0.001**
Medications      
 2002/04 13,833 10,194–17,472 907 877–937 <0.001**
 2005/07 18,573 8,708–28,438 1,045 1,008–1,083 <0.001**
 2008/11 19,820 15,306–24,334 1,116 1,067–1,166 <0.001**
 Pooled sample 17,854 14,061–21,646 1,034 1,007–1,061 <0.001**
Outpatient      
 2002/04 446 419–473 966 174–1,758 0.197
 2005/07 320 81–558 449 422–476 0.288
 2008/11 481 179–783 474 444–504 0.959
 Pooled sample 559 321–798 458 440–476 0.407
Emergency Room (ER)      
 2002/04 451 -38 –940 162 155–170 0.247
 2005/07 278 45–511 169 161–177 0.354
 2008/11 192 65–320 205 195–215 0.841
 Pooled sample 287 104–470 182 177–187 0.260
Home Health      
 2002/04 929 4–1,855 152 113–191 0.100
 2005/07 444 77–810 168 120–217 0.145
 2008/11 956 -236–2,149 179 149–209 0.200
 Pooled sample 790 215–1,365 168 140–195 0.034*
Dental      
 2002/04 249 121–378 339 328–350 0.171
 2005/07 342 136–548 341 329–353 0.992
 2008/11 390 193–588 338 325–351 0.597
 Pooled sample 338 226–451 339 331–347 0.987
Other      
 2002/04 126 91–103 126 70–182 0.309
 2005/07 97 92–103 179 105–253 0.029*
 2008/11 110 49–171 91 86–95 0.531
 Pooled sample 94 91–98 136 98–173 0.030*
  1. Note: Inpatient=Hospital Inpatient; Outpatient=Hospital Outpatient; Total healthcare expenditure= the sum of direct payments for care provided during the year, including out-of-pocket payments and payments by private insurance, Medicaid, Medicare and other sources; Total medical healthcare expenditure= sum of office-based medical provider expenditure, hospital outpatient expenditure, emergency room expenditure, inpatient hospital (including zero night stays) expenditure, prescription medicine expenditure, dental expenditure, home health care expenditure and other medical expenses; **p ≤ 0.01; *p ≤ 0.05