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Table 2 Distribution of study population and prevalence of poor self-rated health at follow-up and reporting patterns of appearance discrimination among emerging adults in Korea, 2005–2013 (N = 2,973)

From: Lookism hurts: appearance discrimination and self-rated health in South Korea

  Distribution Poor self-rated health* Appearance discrimination**
Never Repeated Incident In error
N (%) N (%) P a N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) P b
Sex <0.001   <0.001
 Male 1,765 (59.4) 87 (4.9) 1,539 (87.2) 26 (1.5) 92 (5.2) 108 (6.1)
 Female 1,208 (40.6) 141 (11.7) 974 (80.6) 48 (4.0) 81 (6.7) 105 (8.7)
Age <0.001   0.034
 Group I 1,659 (55.8) 159 (9.6) 1,378 (83.1) 49 (3.0) 110 (6.6) 122 (7.4)
 Group II 1,314 (44.2) 69 (5.3) 1,135 (86.4) 25 (1.9) 63 (4.8) 91 (6.9)
Change of BMI*** 0.005   0.041
 No change 2,348 (79.0) 162 (6.9) 2,003 (85.3) 56 (2.4) 135 (5.8) 154 (6.6)
 Toward underweight 126 (4.2) 18 (14.3) 110 (87.3) 1 (0.8) 3 (2.4) 12 (9.5)
 Toward overweight/obese 199 (6.7) 17 (8.5) 156 (78.4) 8 (4.0) 18 (9.1) 17 (8.5)
 Toward normal 300 (10.1) 31 (10.3) 244 (81.3) 9 (3.0) 17 (5.7) 30 (10.0)
Residential area 0.461   0.837
 Metropolitan area 2,402 (80.8) 180 (7.5) 2,033 (84.6) 62 (2.6) 138 (5.8) 169 (7.0)
 Rural area 571 (19.2) 48 (8.4) 480 (84.1) 12 (2.1) 35 (6.1) 44 (7.7)
Baseline health status <0.001   0.038
 Good 2,788 (93.8) 185 (6.6) 2,370 (85.0) 67 (2.4) 159 (5.7) 192 (6.9)
 Poor 185 (6.2) 43 (23.2) 143 (77.3) 7 (3.8) 14 (7.6) 21 (11.4)
  1. *Prevalence of poor self-rated health at follow-up
  2. **Prevalence of appearance discrimination based on reporting patterns at baseline and follow-up
  3. ***Change of BMI was classified into four categories according to respondents’ BMI (underweight, normal, overweight, obese) at baseline and follow-up.
  4. 1) No change (underweight-underweight, normal-normal, overweight-overweight, obese-obese)
  5. 2) Toward underweight (normal-underweight, overweight-underweight, obese-underweight)
  6. 3) Toward overweight/obese (normal-overweight, normal-obese, overweight-obese, underweight-overweight, underweight-obese)
  7. 4) Toward normal (underweight-normal, overweight-normal, obese-normal, obese-overweight)
  8. a P-value of Chi-square test comparing prevalence of poor self-rated health at follow-up across key covariates
  9. b P-value of Chi-square test comparing prevalence of appearance discrimination based on reporting patterns at baseline and follow-up across key covariates